Question: Where is Botswana in Africa?

Botswana is a landlocked country in southern Africa. It is bordered by South Africa to the south and east, by Namibia to the west, and by Zimbabwe to the east. The country is smaller than the state of Texas.

Where in Africa is Botswana located?

Africa Botswana/Continent

Botswanaalso :officially the Republic of Botswana : Lefatshe la Botswana,is a in. Botswana is topographically flat, with up to 70 percent of its territory being the. It is bordered by to the south and southeast, to the west and north, and to the north-east. It is connected to across the short border by the.

A country of slightly over 2. Modern-day humans first inhabited the country over 200,000 years ago. In 1885, the colonised the area and declared a under the name of. AsBechuanaland became an independent republic under Where is Botswana in Africa? current name on 30 September 1966. Since then, it has been awith a consistent record of uninterrupted democratic and the lowest Where is Botswana in Africa?

corruption ranking in Africa since at least 1998. The economy is dominated bycattle, and. Botswana is the world's biggest diamond producing country. Its relatively high by some estimates the fourth-largest in Africa gives the country a relatively high and the highest of continental.

Botswana is the first African country to host and. Botswana is a member of thethethethe Commonwealth of Nations, and the. The country has been adversely affected by the. The term Batswana was originally applied to the Tswana, which is still the case. However, it has also come to be used generally as a for all citizens of Botswana.

Many dictionaries also include Botswanan to refer to people of Botswana. Stone tools and fauna remains have shown that all areas of the country were inhabited at least 400,000 years ago. In October 2019 researchers reported that Botswana was the birthplace of all about 200,000 years ago. Evidence left by modern humans, such as cave paintings, is about 73,000 years old. The original Where is Botswana in Africa? of southern Africa were the Bushmen and peoples.

Both speak and hunted, gathered, and traded over long distances. When cattle were first introduced about 2000 years ago into southern Africa, pastoralism became a major feature of the economy, since the region had large grasslands free of. Ruins Stone Wall top and clay pottery plate bottom. In that era the ancestors of the modern-day moved into what is now Where is Botswana in Africa?

north-eastern areas of the country. The site is a respected place for the people living in the region and it is believed that the chief lived on the top of the Where is Botswana in Africa? together with his helpers or assistants. These states, located outside of current Botswana's borders, appear to have kept massive herds of cattle in what is now the Central District—apparently at numbers approaching modern cattle density. During this era the first Tswana-speaking groups, themoved into the southern areas of the.

All these various peoples were connected to trade routes that ran via the Limpopo River to the Indian Ocean, and trade goods from Asia such as beads made their way to Botswana, most likely in exchange for ivory, gold and. The hill was part of the formation of early states in Southern Africa with cattle keeping as major source of economy.

Toutswe settlement include house-floors, large heaps of vitrified cow-dog and burials while the outstanding structure is the stone wall. There are large tracts of centaurs ciliaris, a type of grass which has come to be associated with cattle-keeping settlements in South, Central Africa. The site was situated in the centre of a broader cultural area in Eastern Botswana and shares many commonalities with other archaeological sites of this region, in both ceramic production styles and also time frames inhabited.

Large structures were observed that Where is Botswana in Africa? vitrified remains of animal dung, Where is Botswana in Africa? to the theory that these were animal enclosures and that Toutswemogala Hill was thus a major centre of animal husbandry in the region. However, agriculture also played a vital role in the longevity of Toutswemogala Hill's extended occupation, as many grain storage structures have also been found on the site. Many different stratified layers of housing floors further signal continuous occupation over hundreds of years.

The arrival of the ancestors of the Tswana-speakers who came to control the region has yet to be dated precisely. Over the years, several offshoots of the Bakwena moved into adjoining territories. The occupied areas to the Where is Botswana in Africa?, while the moved northeast into formerly Kalanga areas. Not long afterwards, a Bangwato offshoot known as the Batawana migrated into the Okavango Delta, probably in the 1790s. What these records show is that the Bangwaketse had become the predominant power in the region.

Other chiefdoms in the area, by this time, had capitals of 10,000 or so and were fairly prosperous. This equilibrium came to end during the period, 1823—1843, when a succession of invading peoples from South Africa entered the country.

Although the Bangwaketse were able to defeat the invading in 1826, over time all the major chiefdoms in Botswana were attacked, weakened, and impoverished. The Bakololo and raided repeatedly and took large numbers of cattle, women, and children from the Batswana—most of whom were driven into the desert or sanctuary areas such as hilltops and caves. Only after 1843, when the Amandebele moved into western Zimbabwe, did this threat subside. The Bakwena, Bangwaketse, Bangwato and Batawana cooperated to control the lucrative ivory trade and then used the proceeds to import horses and guns, which in turn enabled them to establish control over what is now Botswana.

This process was largely complete by 1880, and thus the Bushmen, the Kalanga, the Bakgalagadi, and other current minorities were subjugated by the Batswana. Following thefrom the Cape Colony established themselves on the borders of Botswana in the.

In 1852 a coalition of chiefdoms led by defeated Afrikaner incursions at the and, after about eight years of intermittent tensions and hostilities, eventually came Where is Botswana in Africa? a peace agreement in Potchefstroom in 1860. From that point on, the modern-day border between South Africa and Botswana was agreed on, and the Afrikaners and Batswana traded and worked together comparatively peacefully.

In 1884 Batawana, a northern based Tswana clan's cavalry under the command of Kgosi Moremi fought and defeated the Ndebele's invasion of northern Botswana at the Battle of Khutiyabasadi.

This blow to the larger invading Ndebele force signalled the start of the collapse of the Ndebele Kingdom in Zimbabwe and helped galvanise Tswana speaking authority of the area now making part of northern Botswana. Due to newly peaceful conditions, trade thrived between 1860 and 1880. Taking advantage of this were Christian. The and the both became established in the country by 1856.

By 1880 every major village had a resident missionary, and their influence slowly became felt. Christianity became the de facto official religion in all the chiefdoms by World War I. During theBritain decided to annex Botswana in order to safeguard the Road to the North and thus connect the Cape Colony to its territories further north. It unilaterally annexed Tswana territories in January 1885 and then sent the north to consolidate control over the area and convince the chiefs to accept British overrule.

Despite their misgivings, they eventually acquiesced to this. In 1890 areas north of 22 degrees were added to Where is Botswana in Africa?

new. During the 1890s the new territory was divided into eight different reserves, with fairly small amounts of land being left as freehold for white. During the early 1890s, the British government decided to hand over the Bechuanaland Protectorate to the. This plan, which was well on its way to fruition despite the entreaties of Tswana leaders who toured England in protest, was eventually Where is Botswana in Africa?

by the failure of the in January 1896. Postage stamp of British-ruled from 1960 When the was formed in 1910 from the main British colonies in the region, the High Commission Territories—the Bechuanaland Protectorate, nowand now —were not included, but provision was made for their later incorporation. An expansion of British central authority and the evolution of native government resulted in the 1920 establishment of two advisory councils to represent both Africans and Europeans.

The African Council consisted of the eight heads of the Tswana tribes and some elected members.

Where is Botswana in Africa?

Proclamations in 1934 regulated tribal rule and powers. A European-African advisory council was formed in 1951, and the 1961 constitution established a consultative legislative council. An independence conference was held in London in February 1966. The seat of government was moved in 1965 from in South Africa, to the newly establishedwhich is located near Botswana's border with South Africa.

Based on the 1965 constitution, the country held its first general elections under universal suffrage and gained independence on 30 September 1966. The presidency passed to the sitting Where is Botswana in Africa?, Where is Botswana in Africa?, who was elected in his own right in 1984 and re-elected in 1989 and 1994. Masire retired from office in 1998.

He was succeeded bywho was elected in his own right in 1999 and re-elected in 2004. The presidency passed in 2008 to son of the first presidentwho had been serving as Mogae's vice-president since resigning Where is Botswana in Africa?

position in 1998 as Commander of the to take up this civilian role. On 1 April 2018 was sworn in as the Where is Botswana in Africa? President of Botswana succeeding Ian Khama. He represents thewhich has also won a majority in every parliamentary election since independence. Where is Botswana in Africa?

the previous presidents have also represented the same party. A long-running dispute over the northern border with 's was the subject of a ruling by the in December 1999. It ruled that belongs to Botswana.

At 581,730 km 2 224,607 sq mi Botswana is the world's 48th-largest country. It is similar in size to Madagascar or France. It lies between latitudes 17° and 27° south, and longitudes 20° and 30° east. Botswana is predominantly flat, tending towards gently rolling. Botswana is dominated by thewhich covers up to 70% of its land surface. Theone of the world's largest inlandis in the north-west.

Thea largelies in the north. The Basin, the major landform of all of southern Africa, lies partly in Botswana, with the basins of its tributaries, the, and thelocated in the eastern part of the country. The Notwane provides water to the capital through the.

The lies to the north, providing a boundary between Botswana and Namibia's. The Chobe River meets with the at a place called meaning a smalla point where and his crossed the Zambezi into Zambia.

In addition to the delta and desert areas, there are andwhere, and other mammals and birds are found. Northern Botswana has one of the few remaining large populations of the endangered. The park covers about 11,000 km 2 4,247 sq mi and supports about 350 species of birds. The Chobe National Park and in the Okavango Delta are major tourist destinations.

What Languages are Spoken in Botswana?

Other reserves include the located in the Kalahari Desert in ; and are in in the. Mashatu Where is Botswana in Africa? Reserve is privately owned, located at the confluence of the and Limpopo Rivers in eastern Botswana. The other Where is Botswana in Africa? owned reserve is near Gaborone. There are also specialised sanctuaries like for and Makgadikgadi Sanctuary for.

They are both located in Central District. The top Giraffe crossing a road bottom. Botswana faces two major problems, Where is Botswana in Africa? andwhich are heavily linked. Three-quarters of the country's human and animal populations depend on groundwater due to drought. Surface water is scarce in Botswana and less than 5% of the agriculture in the country is sustainable by rainfall. In the remaining 95% of the country, raising livestock is the primary source of rural Where is Botswana in Africa?.

Approximately 71% of the country's land is used for communal grazing, which has been a major cause of the desertification and the accelerating soil erosion of the country. Since raising livestock has been profitable for the people of Botswana, they continue to exploit the land with dramatically increasing numbers of animals. From 1966 to 1991, the livestock population grew from 1.

Degradation is exacerbated by the effects of drought and climate change. The Okavango Delta is one of the major semi-forested wetlands in Botswana and one of the largest inland deltas in the world; it is a crucial ecosystem to the survival of many animals. The Department of Forestry and Range Resources has already begun to implement a project to reintroduce indigenous vegetation into communities in Kgalagadi South, Kweneng North and Boteti. Reintroduction of indigenous vegetation will help reduce the degradation of the land.

The country had a 2018 mean score of 9. The claims that poverty is a major problem behind the of resources, including land, in Botswana. The leaders of this movement are supposed to be the people in the community, to draw them in, in turn increasing their possibilities to earn an income and thus decreasing poverty.

The is thewhich protects the citizens of Botswana and represents their rights. The Where is Botswana in Africa? of Botswana take place in a framework of a republic, whereby the is both andand is elected by and accountable to the. Since independence was declared, the party system has been the. This was the second highest rating in Africa, and highest ranking in continental Africa Where is Botswana in Africa?

the offshore archipelago of bested its ranking. According toBotswana is the least corrupt country in Africa and ranks just below Portugal and South Korea. It consists of a typical British-style court system of local Magistrates Courts, a and a Court of Appeal. The High Court is a superior court of record with unlimited original jurisdiction to hear and determine Where is Botswana in Africa?

criminal, civil or constitutional cases under any law. Appeals can be heard by the Court of Appeal. The Head of the High Court is the Chief Justice. The Court of Appeal is the highest and final court in the country and deals with appeals from the High Court and the Industrial Court. The Head of the Court of Appeal is the Judge President.

Judges are appointed by the President of Botswana on the recommendation of the Judicial Services Commission. With regard to the legal profession, although the has been in existence since 1997, there is still no clear indication in their registry of attorneys as to how certain demographics, such as women, have fared in the legal field.

List of Chief Justices of Botswana No. Name Tenure 1 1968-1971 2 1972-1975 3 George O. Dyke 1975-1977 4 1977-1981 5 1981-1987 6 Luke Livesey 1987-1992 7 Moleleki D. The Botswana government gave the United States permission to explore the possibility of establishing an Africa Command base in the country.

To make them relocate, they were denied access to Where is Botswana in Africa? on their land and faced arrest if they hunted, which was their primary source of food. Their lands lie in the middle of the world's richest field.

Officially, the government denies that there is any link to mining and claims the relocation is to preserve the wildlife and ecosystem, even though the San people have lived sustainably on the land for millennia. On the reservations they struggle to find employment, and is rampant.

The Botswana Centre for Human Rights, Ditshwanelo, was established in 1993. Botswana has transformed itself from one of the poorest countries in the world to an upper middle-income country. Although Botswana was resource-abundant, a good institutional framework allowed the country to reinvest resource-income in order to generate stable future income.

By one estimate, it has the fourth highest at in Africa, giving it a standard of living around that of Mexico. According to theeconomic growth averaged over 9% per year from 1966 to 1999. Botswana has a compared to other African countries. The government has maintained a sounddespite consecutive in 2002 and 2003, and a negligible level of. The constitution provides for an independent judiciary, and the government respects this in practice.

The legal system is sufficient to conduct secure commercial dealings, although a serious and growing backlog of cases prevents timely trials. The protection of intellectual property rights has improved significantly. Botswana is ranked second only to South Africa among sub-Saharan Africa countries in the 2014 International Property Rights Index.

While generally open to foreign participation in its economy, Botswana reserves some sectors for citizens. Increased foreign investment plays a significant role in the privatisation of state-owned enterprises. Investment regulations are transparent, and bureaucratic procedures are streamlined and open, although somewhat slow. Investment returns such as profits and dividends, debt service, capital gains, returns on intellectual property, royalties, franchise's fees, and service fees can be repatriated without limits.

There is some domestic production of electricity from coal. However almost all Botswana's electricity is generated from coal. No petroleum reserves have been identified and all petroleum products are imported refined, mostly from. Recently, the country has taken a large interest in renewable energy sources and has completed a comprehensive strategy that may attract investors in the wind, solar and biomass renewable energy industries.

Other these, 20,000 kilometres 12,000 mi are paved this is including 134 kilometres 83 mi of motorways. The reminder 11,747 kilometres 7,299 mi worth are unpaved.

Some vehicle categories have various lower maximum limits enforced byfor example trucks. Banks remain profitable, well-capitalised, and liquid, as a result of growing national resources and high interest rates. The country's currency is the. Botswana's competitive banking system is one of Africa's most advanced.

As of August 2015there are a dozen licensed banks in the country. The government is involved in banking through state-owned financial institutions and a special financial incentives programme that is aimed at increasing Botswana's status as a financial centre. The government has abolished exchange controls, and with the resulting creation of new portfolio investment options, the is growing.

The mineral industry provides about 40% of all government revenues. In 2007, significant quantities of uranium were discovered, and mining was projected to begin by 2010. Several international mining corporations have established regional headquarters in Botswana, and prospected for diamonds,and evenmany coming back with positive results. Government announced in early 2009 that they would try to shift their economic dependence on diamonds, over serious concern that diamonds are predicted to dry out in Botswana over the next twenty years.

Botswana's mine is the largest diamond mine in the world in terms of value and quantity of carats produced annually. In 2016, copyright industries contributed 5. Native groups include theBambukushu,Baherero and.

The Indian minority is made up of both recent migrants and descendants of Indian migrants who arrived from,and. Population pyramid 2016 Since 2000, because of deteriorating economic conditions inthe number of has risen into the tens of thousands. Fewer than 10,000 are still living their traditional way of life.

Since the mid-1990s the central government of Botswana has been trying to move San out of their historic lands.

In Setswana, are more important than they are in many other languages, since Setswana is a and has noun classes denoted by these prefixes. They include Bo, which refers to the country, Ba, which refers to the people, Mo, which is one person, and Se which is the language. For example, the main ethnic group of Botswana is the Tswana people, hence the name Botswana for its country. The people as a whole are Batswana, one Where is Botswana in Africa?

is a Motswana, and the language they speak is Setswana. Other languages spoken in Where is Botswana in Africa? include SekalangaSesarwa, Kgalagadi, Tswapong,Yeyi, and, in some parts. There are also congregations of, the,and in the country.

According to the 2001 census, the nation has around 5,000 mainly from3,000and 700 of the. Approximately 20% of citizens identify with. In Botswana, most ethnic groups have different ways of greeting one another. In community celebrations like Dikgafela, or marriage ceremonies, Batswana women show excitement and happiness by using as part of their culture.

African literature is known for its consciousness and writing styles. Writing as an art form has existed in Botswana for a long while, from the rock painting era — especially in theknown to be 20,000 years old — to the present day, with the movie production ofbased on a series of more than 20 novels set in Botswana.

Prominent amongst these are the South African-bornwho settled in ; ; whose works include Images of the Sun, Screams and Pleas, Lovesongs, Windsongs of the Kgalagadi and Lighting the Fire, and several other publications that include a play, Sechele I, and Setswana Riddles Translated into English ;; ; ; ; ; and.

Most of Bessie Head's important works are set in Serowe. The three are also autobiographical; When Rain Clouds Gather is based on her experience living on a development farm, Maru incorporates her experience of being considered racially inferior, and A Question of Power draws on her understanding of what it was like to experience acute.

Head also published a number of short stories, including the collection The Collector of Treasures 1977. She published a book on the history of Serowe, Serowe: Village of the Rainwind. Her last novel, A Bewitched Crossroad 1984is historical, set in 19th-century Botswana.

She had also written a story of two prophets, one wealthy and one who lived poorly, called Jacob: The Faith-Healing Priest.

The 1981 comedy was set in Botswana and became a major international hit; 2000's production was filmed in Botswana, starring Hollywood legend. Later on, during 2009, parts of 's Tamil-language Indian action film were recorded in Botswana. The critically acclaimedabout the real-life love story of Seretse Khama and Ruth Williams, was filmed partly between Botswana and London, and was released internationally in 2016.

Botswana's music is mostly vocal and performed, sometimes without drums depending on the occasion; it also makes heavy use of string instruments.

Botswanan cultural musical instruments are not confined only to the strings or drums. The hands are used as musical instruments too, by either clapping them together or against phathisi goat skin turned inside out wrapped around the calf area, only used by men to create music and rhythm.

For the last few decades, the guitar has been celebrated as a versatile music instrument for Tswana music as it offers a variety in string which the segaba instrument does not have.

Written and composed byit was adopted upon independence in 1966. The baskets are Where is Botswana in Africa? woven into three types: large, lidded baskets used for storage, large, open baskets for carrying objects on the head or for winnowing threshed grain, and smaller plates for winnowing pounded grain.

The artistry of these baskets is being steadily enhanced through colour use and improved designs as they are increasingly produced for international markets. The oldest paintings from both Botswana and South Africa depict hunting, animal and human figures, and were made by the Khoisan!

Madila is a popular fermented milk product of Botswana in a yogurt form. Botswana's cuisine shares some characteristics with other cuisine of Southern Africa.

Examples of Botswana food are:maize porridge,Magwinya fried dough bread and. Porridge bogobe is made by putting sorghum, maize, or millet flour into boiling water, stirring into a soft paste, and cooking it slowly. A dish called ting is made when the sorghum or maize is fermented and milk and sugar added.

Without the milk and sugar, ting is sometimes eaten with meat or vegetables as lunch or dinner. Another way of making bogobe is to add sour milk and a cooking melon lerotse. This dish is called tophi by the Kalanga tribe. Many different kinds of beans are grown, including cowpeas, ditloo, and letlhodi.

Where is Botswana in Africa?

Some vegetables grow in the wild and are available seasonally including thepe and Delele okra. Many fruits are locally available, including marula. Watermelons, believed to have come originally from Botswana, are plentiful in season. Another kind of melon, called lerotse or lekatane, is also grown.

Some kinds of wild melon found in sandy desert areas are an Where is Botswana in Africa? food and water source for the people who live in those areas. Louis Lager, Botswana's first and only local beer brand that has also been a part of Botswana's rich history since 1989, and non-alcoholic beverage Keone Mooka Mageu, a traditional fermented porridge.

Other popular sports are,and. Botswana is an associate member of the. Botswana became a member of The International Badminton Federation and Africa Where is Botswana in Africa? Federation in 1991. The offers an in which golfers compete in tournaments and championships. Botswana won the country's first in 2012 when runner won in the. In 2011, became in the 400 metres and won Botswana's first athletics medal at the world level.

High jumper Where is Botswana in Africa? a three-timeis a sprinter who specialises in the 400 metres, he was the gold medalist at the Commonwealth Games in 2018, was a silver medalist in the 200 metres at the 2014 Summer Youth Olympics and reached the semi-finals at the 2014 World Junior Championships in Athletics, and Ross Branch Ross, a motor-biker, holds the number one plate in the South African Cross Country Championship and has competed at the Dakar Rally.

On 7 August 2021 Botswana won the bronze medal in the Men's in. The card game has a strong following; it was first played in Botswana over 30 years ago, and it grew in popularity during the 1980s. Many British expatriate school teachers informally taught the game in Botswana's secondary schools.

At that time there were very few graduates in the country and only a very small percentage of the population attended secondary school.

Botswana increased its adult literacy rate from 69% in 1991 to 83% in 2008. Among sub-Saharan African countries, Botswana has one of the highest literacy rates. According to The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency as of 2015, 88. With the discovery of diamonds and the increase in government revenue that this brought, there was a huge increase in educational provision in the country. All students were guaranteed ten years of basic education, leading to a Junior Certificate qualification.

Secondary education in Botswana is neither free nor compulsory. Where is Botswana in Africa? leaving school, students can attend one of the seven technical colleges in the country, or take vocational training courses in or. Students enter the, and the in Gaborone. Many other students end up in the numerous private tertiary education colleges around the country. Notable among these isthe country's first private university which offers undergraduate programs in Accounting, Business and Computing.

THE 15 BEST Things to Do in Botswana

Another international university is the which offers various associate degrees in Creative Arts. Tremendous strides Where is Botswana in Africa? providing quality education have been made by private education providers such that a large number of the best students in the country are now applying to them as well. A vast majority of these students are government sponsored. The nation's second international university, the Botswana International University of Science and Technology, was completed in in 2011.

The quantitative gains have not always been matched by qualitative ones. Primary schools in particular still lack resources, and the teachers are less well paid than their secondary school colleagues. The is working to establish libraries Where is Botswana in Africa? primary schools in partnership with the. The hopes that by investing a large part of national income in education, the country will become less dependent on diamonds for its economic survival, and less dependent on expatriates for its skilled workers.

Botswana invests 21% of its government spending in education. In January 2006, Botswana announced the reintroduction of school fees after two decades of free state education though the government still provides full scholarships with living expenses to any Botswana citizen in university, either at the University of Botswana or if the student wishes to pursue an education in any field not offered locally, they are provided with a full scholarship to study abroad.

To this end, the government has set up six hubs since 2008, in the agriculture, diamonds, innovation, transport, health and education sectors. This policy aims to take up the challenges of rapid technological evolution, globalisation and the achievement of the national development goals formulated in high-level strategic documents that include Botswana's Tenth National Development Plan to 2016 and Vision 2016. Cubesat miniaturized satellite Despite the modest level of financial investment in research, Botswana counts one of the highest researcher densities in sub-Saharan Africa: 344 per million inhabitants in head countscompared to an average of 91 per million inhabitants for the subcontinent in 2013.

Botswana was ranked 106th in the in 2021, down from 93rd in 2019. In 2009, Botswana-based company Deaftronics launched a solar-powered hearing aid after six years of prototype development. Since then, Deaftronics has sold over 10,000 of the hearing aids. Where is Botswana in Africa? hybrid of,and breeds, it is hoped that the composite with lead to increased beef production.

The objective of the research was to find a genetic material that could perform like cross-breeds already Where is Botswana in Africa? in Botswana and well above the indigenous Tswana breed while retaining the hardiness and adaptability of the native stock in one package.

The existing diagnostic methods required highly trained laboratory personnel and special equipment, which caused delays in the implementation of control procedures; whereas the kit developed in Botswana allows for on-site diagnosis to be made.

Additional dishes will be located in eight other African countries Botswana among them. Botswana was selected to participate because of its ideal location in the southern hemisphere and environment, which could enable easier data collection from the universe. The satellite, which will be used for earth observation, will generate data for smart farming and real-time virtual tourism.

Furthermore, it will help us predict and forecast harvest time through the use of robotics and automated technology. In the in 2016 a firm, Almaz, opened a first-of-its-kind computer assembly company. Ditec, a Botswana company, also customises, designs and manufactures. Ditec is one of the leading experts in design, development and customisation of powered devices.

Botswana has 971 kilometres 603 mi of railway lines, 18,482 kilometres 11,484 mi of roads, and 92 airports, of which 12 have paved runways. The paved road network has almost entirely been constructed since independence in 1966.

The national airline iswhich flies domestically and to other countries in Africa. Botswana Railways offers rail-based transport facilities for moving a range of commodities for the mining sector and primary industries, as well as passenger-train services and dry ports.

In terms of power infrastructure in Botswana, the country produces coal for electricity and oil is imported into the country. Recently, the country has taken a large interest in renewable energy sources and has completed a comprehensive strategy that will attract investors in the wind, solar and biomass renewable energy industries.

The country's position as an upper middle-income country has allowed them to make strides in access for much of Botswana's population. The majority of the Botswana's 2.

Where is Botswana in Africa?

As a result, the infant mortality and maternal mortality rates have been on a steady decline. The country's improving healthcare infrastructure has also been reflected in an increase of the average life expectancy from birth, with nearly all births occurring in healthcare facilities.

Access to healthcare has not alleviated all of the country's healthcare concerns because, like many countries inBotswana is still battling high rates of and other infectious diseases. Botswana is also grappling with high rates of among children under the age of 5 which has led to other health concerns such as diarrhea and stunted growth.

After Botswana's 2011 census, current life expectancy is estimated at 54. The association is a member of the Union for International Cancer Control. The Association supplements existing services through provision of cancer prevention and health awareness programs, facilitating access to health services for cancer patients and Where is Botswana in Africa? support and counseling to those affected. Like elsewhere in Sub-Saharan Africa, the is considerable. Economic development spending was cut by 10% in 2002—3 as a result of recurring budget deficits and rising expenditure on healthcare services.

However, after Botswana's 2011 census current life expectancy is estimated at 54. However the graph here shows over 65 years, therefore there is conflicting information about life expectancy.

In 2003, the government began a comprehensive programme involving free or cheap generic drugs as well as an information campaign designed to stop the spread of the virus; in 2013, over 40% of adults in Botswana Where is Botswana in Africa? access to antiretroviral therapy. Other early partners include theof the and the of the.

The nature of many sexual relationships further impacts the health situation. Primarily, tourists visit Gaborone due to the city having numerous activities for visitors. The Lion Park Resort is Botswana's first permanent Where is Botswana in Africa?

hosts events such as for families. Other destinations in Botswana include the Gaborone Yacht Club and the Kalahari Fishing Club and natural attractions such as the Gaborone Dam and Mokolodi Nature Reserve. The Phakalane Golf Estate is a multi-million-dollar clubhouse that offers both hotel accommodations and access to golf courses.

Botswana has a number of tribes across the country, collectively known as Batswana. The official language is English and Setswana is the national language, although there are other spoken languages. United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.

Retrieved on 27 October 2016. Chicago: Chicago University Press, pp. The Journal of African History. Retrieved 13 July 2018 — via academia. Retrieved 13 July 2018 — via academia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Republic of Botswana Administration of Justice.

Retrieved on 27 October 2016. A History of the Global Economy. From 1500 to the Present. The International Property Rights Index. Policy Development and Evaluation Service.

United Nations Human Rights Council. Retrieved on 27 October 2016. Retrieved on 27 October 2016. Union for International Cancer Control. Retrieved on 19 May 2017. Retrieved on 19 May 2017. Retrieved on 19 May 2017. To learn how to add text to Wikipedia articles, please see. For information onplease see. Journal of Southern African Affairs. Culture and Customs of Botswana. Botswana: Politics and Society Pretoria: J. Journal of Modern African Studies 1992 30, 69—95. Journal of Modern African Studies.

Retrieved 13 July 2018 — via harvard.

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