Ded Moroz or Grandfather Frost is a Russian counterpart of Santa Claus. Both bring presents and are much expected by the kids but therere a few things that make them different.
In what country is Santa called Ded Moroz?Russias Unlike the bloated, red-coated father Christmas of the West, Russias Santa Claus, known as Ded Moroz (Grandfather Frost), is slender with a wizard-like flowing beard and he wears a long robe that comes in different colors, such as blue and white.
Is there a Russian Santa Claus?Father Frost and his female companion the Snow Maiden, are Russias answer to Santa Claus. In the gray days of the Soviet Union they bought some color and fun to families during the harsh Russian winter, and the pair are still popular today.
What is the Russian legend of Santa Claus?Ded Moroz The origin of Ded Moroz, sometimes known as “Grandfather Frost” or “Father Frost”, can be traced to Slavic mythology which predates Christianity. According to these myths, Frost or Morozko was known as a snow demon for some, and “a powerful hero and smith who chains water with his “iron” frosts,” to others.
Does Ded Moroz live in the North Pole?Ded Moroz, the New Years chief magician, doesnt live in the North Pole. ... In Russia, a kind grandfather who brings children presents at New Year (Russians celebrate Christmas differently) is called Ded Moroz [Grandfather Frost]. He is a fairytale character from Slavic mythology who personifies winter and the cold.
How does Ded Moroz differ from Santa Claus?Ded Moroz or Grandfather Frost is a Russian counterpart of Santa Claus. ... Ded Moroz has a long beard, Santa often cuts his beard short. 3. Santas coat is always red, while Ded Moroz can wear red, blue or even white coat.
Although now known as aand typically considered to be synonymous withhe was originally part of a much Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus? and unrelated tradition. The recognisably modern figure of the English Father Christmas developed in the latebut Christmas had been personified for centuries before then.
English personifications of Christmas were first recorded in the 15th century, with Father Christmas himself first appearing in the mid 17th century in the aftermath of the. The -controlled English government had legislated to abolish Christmas, considering itand had outlawed its traditional customs. Following the in 1660, Father Christmas's profile declined.
His character was maintained during the late 18th and into the 19th century by the Christmas folk plays later known as. Until Victorian times, Father Christmas was concerned with adult feasting and merry-making. He had no particular connection with children, nor with the giving of Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus?, nocturnal visits, stockings, chimneys or reindeer. But as later Victorian Christmases developed into child-centric family festivals, Father Christmas became a bringer of gifts.
The popular American myth Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus?
arrived in England in the 1850s and Father Christmas started to take on Santa's attributes. By the 1880s the new customs had become established, with the nocturnal visitor sometimes being known as Santa Claus and sometimes as Father Christmas. He was often illustrated wearing a long red hooded gown trimmed with white fur. Most residual distinctions between Father Christmas and Santa Claus largely faded away in the early years of the 20th century, and modern dictionaries consider the terms Father Christmas and Santa Claus to be synonymous.
Personifications came later, and when they did they reflected the existing custom. The City of maintained an annual celebration of The Riding of Yule and his Wife which involved a figure representing Yule who carried bread and a leg of lamb. Such personifications, illustrating the medieval fondness for pageantry and symbolism, extended throughout the and periods with characters, sometimes called 'Captain Christmas', 'Prince Christmas' or 'The Christmas Lord', presiding over feasting and entertainment in grand houses, university colleges and.
In his allegorical playwritten in about 1592, introduced for comic effect a miserly Christmas character who refuses to keep the feast. Christmas of London, and Captaine Christmas? I Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus? old Gregorie Christmas still, and though I come out of Popes-head-alley as good a Protestant, as any i'my Parish.
I that am the King of good cheere and feasting, though I come but once a yeare to raigne over bak't, boyled, roast and plum-porridge, will have being in despight of thy lard-ship. Initially known as 'Sir Christmas' or 'Lord Christmas', he later became increasingly referred to as 'Father Christmas'.
When the Puritans took control of government in the mid-1640s they made concerted efforts to abolish Christmas and to outlaw its traditional customs. For 15 years from around 1644, before and during thethe celebration of Christmas in England was forbidden. The suppression was given greater legal weight from June 1647 when passed an Ordinance for Abolishing of Festivals which formally abolished Christmas in its entirety, along with the other traditional church festivals of and.
It was in this context that pamphleteers linked the old traditions of Christmas with the cause of King and Church, while radical puritans argued for the suppression of Christmas both in its religious and its secular aspects. In the hands of RoyalistOld Father Christmas served as the symbol and spokesman of 'the good old days' Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus?
feasting and good cheer, and it became popular for Christmastide's defenders to present him as lamenting past times. The Arraignment, Conviction and Imprisoning of Christmas January 1646 describes a discussion between a and a gentlewoman enquiring after Old Father Christmas who 'is gone from hence'. He Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus? under the consecrated Laune sleeves as big as Bul-beefe.
But yet some other markes that you may know him by, is that the wanton Women dote after him; he helped them to so many new Gownes, Hatts, and Hankerches, and other fine knacks, of which he Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus? a pack on his back, in which is good store of all sorts, besides the fine Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus? that he got out of their husbands' pockets for household provisions for him. He got Prentises, Servants, and Schollars many play dayes, and therefore was well beloved by them also, and made all merry with Bagpipes, Fiddles, and other musicks, Giggs, Dances, and Mummings.
A frontispiece illustrates an old, bearded Christmas in a brimmed hat, a long open robe and undersleeves.
But welcome or not welcome, I am come. King portrays Father Christmas as a white-haired old man who is on trial for his life based on evidence laid against him by the. In 1678 Josiah King reprinted his 1658 pamphlet with Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus? material. He still continued to be regarded as Christmas's presiding spirit, although his occasional earlier associations with the died out with the disappearance of the Lord of Misrule himself.
In The Country Squire, a play of 1732, Old Christmas is Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus? as someone who is rarely-found: a generous squire. During the following century they became probably the most widespread of all calendar customs.
Hundreds of villages had their own mummers who performed traditional plays around the neighbourhood, especially at the big houses. Father Christmas appears as a character in plays of the Southern England type, being mostly confined to plays from the south and west of England and Wales.
The oldest extant speech is from in the late 1780s: hare comes i ould father Christmas welcom or welcom not i hope ould father Christmas will never be forgot ould father Christmas a pair but woance a yare he lucks like an ould man of 4 score yare Here comes I, old Father Christmas, welcome or welcome not, I hope old Father Christmas will never be forgot.
His physical appearance at this time became more variable, and he was by no means always portrayed as the old and bearded figure imagined by 17th century writers. The notion had a profound influence on the way that popular customs were seen, and most of the 19th century writers who bemoaned the state of contemporary Christmases were, at least to some extent, yearning for the mythical Merry England version.
A vision of Old Christmas 1836 's The Book of Christmas 1836illustrated byexemplifies this view. Christmas with his children 1836 In an extended allegory, Hervey imagines his contemporary Old Father Christmas as a white-bearded dressed in a long robe and crowned with holly. Father Christmas or Old Christmas, represented as a jolly-faced bearded man often surrounded by plentiful food and drink, started to appear regularly in illustrated magazines of the 1840s.
A famous image from the novel is illustration of the ''. Although not explicitly named Father Christmas, the character wears a hollyis shown sitting among food, drink andand is dressed in the traditional loose furred gown—but in green rather than the red that later become ubiquitous.
Sometimes, as in Hervey's book of 1836, he was portrayed below left as a hunchback. A corresponding illustration below right shows the character wearing not only a holly wreath but also a gown with a hood.
He had no particular connection with children, nor with the giving of presents. But as Victorian Christmases developed into family festivals centred mainly on children, Father Christmas started to be associated with the giving of gifts.
In Britain, the first evidence of a child writing letters to Father Christmas requesting gift has been found in 1895.
In 1823 came the famous poemusually attributed to the New York writerwhich developed the character further. Moore's poem became immensely popular and Santa Claus customs, initially localized in the Dutch American areas, were becoming general in the United States by the middle of the century.
This noted that one of the chief features of the American New Year's Eve was a custom carried over from the Dutch, namely the arrival of Santa Claus with gifts for the children.
He arrives in Germany about a fortnight before Christmas, but as may be supposed from all the visits he has to pay there, and the length of his voyage, he does not arrive in America, until this eve. There were some early adoptions in Britain. What will Santa Claus bring us? Nicholas was published in England in December 1853 in. An Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus? note states that the figure Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus?
known as Santa Claus in and as in. The novel was published three times in London in 1854—5, and there were several later editions. Characters in the book include both Santa Claus complete with sleigh, stocking and chimneyleaving presents on Christmas Eve and—separately—Old Father Christmas.
His costume became more standardised, and although depictions often still showed him carrying holly, the holly crown became rarer and was often replaced with a hood. It still remained common, though, for Father Christmas and Santa Claus to be distinguished, and as late as the 1890s there were still examples of the old-style Father Christmas appearing without any of the new American features. He wore a great furry white coat and cap, and a long white beard and hair spoke to his hoar antiquity.
Behind his bower he had a large selection of fancy articles which formed the gifts he distributed to holders of prize tickets from time to time during the day. Father Christmas bore in his hand a small Christmas tree laden with bright little gifts and bon-bons, and altogether he looked like the familiar Santa Claus or Father Christmas of the picture book.
Sometimes he gave presents and sometimes received them. Old Father Christmas, or The Cave of Mystery 1866 An illustrated article of 1866 explained the concept of The Cave of Mystery. Father Christmas 1879, with holly crown and wassail bowl, the bowl now being used for the delivery of children's presents From the 1870s onwards, Christmas shopping had begun to evolve as a separate seasonal activity, and by Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus?
late 19th century it had become an important part of the English Christmas. The purchasing of toys, especially from the new department Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus?, became strongly associated with the season. Sometimes the two characters continued to be presented as separate, as in a procession at the of 1888 in which both Father Christmas and Santa Claus took part, with and other children's characters in between.
In the well-lighted window is a representation of Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus? Christmas, with the printed intimation that 'Santa Claus is arranging within.
A writer in the of December 1888 suggested that a should dispense gifts from a 'snow cave', but a little over a year later she had changed her recommendation to a gypsy in a 'magic cave'.
He must have a white head and a long white beard, of course. Wig and beard can be cheaply hired from a theatrical costumier, or may be improvised from tow in case of need. He should wear a greatcoat down to his heels, liberally sprinkled with flour as though he had just come from that land of ice where Father Christmas is supposed to reside.
From the 1840s it had been accepted readily enough that presents were left for children by unseen hands overnight on Christmas Eve, but the receptacle was a matter of debate, as was the nature of the visitor.
Dutch tradition had leaving presents in shoes laid out on 5 December, while in France shoes were filled by. The older shoe custom and the newer American stocking custom trickled only slowly into Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus?, with writers and illustrators remaining uncertain for many years. Although the stocking eventually triumphed, the shoe custom had still not been forgotten by 1901 when an illustration entitled Did you see Santa Claus, Mother?
Before Santa Claus and the stocking became ubiquitous, one English tradition had been for fairies to visit on Christmas Eve to leave gifts in shoes set out in front of the fireplace. Aspects of the American Santa Claus myth were sometimes adopted in isolation and applied to Father Christmas.
Hovering over the roof of a house, Father Christmas cries 'Open Sesame' to have the roof roll back to disclose the scene within. It was not until the 1870s that the tradition of a nocturnal Santa Claus began to be adopted by ordinary Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus?.
This is of course well known, and the master of the house does in reality place a Christmas gift secretly in each stocking; but the giggling girls in the morning, when bringing down their presents, affect to say that Santiclaus visited and filled the stockings in the night. From what region of the earth or air this benevolent Santiclaus takes flight I have not been able to ascertain. By the 1880s the American myth had become firmly established in the popular English imagination, the nocturnal visitor sometimes being known as Santa Claus and sometimes as Father Christmas often complete with Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus?
hooded robe. So to bed my bairnies dear. Mass media approval of the red costume came following a advertising campaign that was launched in 1931.
Father Christmas's common form for much of the 20th century was described by his entry in the. One of the 's sources is a 1919 cartoon inreproduced here. The caption reads: Uncle James who after hours of making up rather fancies himself as Father Christmas.
But Father's downstairs; perhaps he may be able to tell you. Father Christmas Packing 1931, as imagined in a private letter bypublished in 1976 Father Christmas appeared in many 20th century works of fiction, including 'sa series of private letters to his children written between 1920 and 1942 and first published in 1976.
Other 20th century publications include 's 1950's 1973 and its sequel Father Christmas Goes on Holiday 1975. In 1991, Raymond Briggs's two books were adapted as an animated short film,starring as the voice of the title character. Modern dictionaries consider the terms Father Christmas and Santa Claus to be synonymous.
The respective characters are now to all intents and purposes indistinguishable, although some people are still said to prefer the Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus? 'Father Christmas' over 'Santa', nearly 150 years after Santa's arrival in England.
The name carries a somewhat socially superior cachet and is thus preferred by certain advertisers. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. Quoted in Acts and Ordinances of the Interregnum, 1642-1660, ed.
London: H Brome, T Basset and J Wright. The online transcript is from a later reprinting of 1686. Round about our Coal Fire, or, Christmas Entertainments.
An Englishman's Christmas: A Social History. Hassocks, Suffolk: The Harvester Press. The article is also available at eprints. The online version listed is the 1888 American printing. Higher-resolution copies of the illustrations 14 February 2016 at the.
An Englishman's Christmas: A Social History. Hassocks, Suffolk: The Harvester Press. The online version is the 1888 reprint. An Englishman's Christmas: A Social History. Hassocks, Suffolk: The Harvester Press.
An Englishman's Christmas: A Social History. Hassocks, Suffolk: The Harvester Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus?. Barclay Fox's Journal 1832 - 1854. New York: Gilley, William B. Howitt's Journal of Literature and Popular Progress. Notices for Emigrants for 1851. London and New York: Frederick Warne and Co.
An Englishman's Christmas: Is Ded Moroz Santa Claus? Social History. Hassocks, Suffolk: The Harvester Press. The image was republished in the United States a year later inunder the title 'Old Father Christmas'. Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette.
The Illustrated London News 2646 : 24. Cakes and Characters: An English Christmas Tradition. The poem was also published in Leicester Chronicle and the Leicestershire Mercury, Leicester, 11 March 1871, page 2.
An Englishman's Christmas: A Social History. Hassocks, Suffolk: The Harvester Press. The Leeds Mercury Weekly Supplement. Sevenoaks Chronicle and Kentish Advertiser. Illustrated London News 1985 Christmas Number : np.
London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd. Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable 19th edn. London: Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd.