Broken heart syndrome, also called stress cardiomyopathy or takotsubo cardiomyopathy, is a real condition. Although its symptoms mimic a heart attack, its caused by a sudden physical or emotional stress. Treatments include heart medications, anti-anxiety drugs, stress management and cardiac rehabilitation.
Is there a disease called broken heart syndrome?Broken heart syndrome, also known as stress cardiomyopathy or takotsubo syndrome, occurs when a person experiences sudden acute stress that can rapidly weaken the heart muscle.
Why is takotsubo cardiomyopathy called broken heart syndrome?Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is brought on by an extremely stressful physical or emotional event. Common triggers can include the death of a loved one, a serious accident, a fierce argument, an unexpected loss or a sudden illness. These triggers are the reason for the conditions nickname, broken heart syndrome.
Who first defined broken heart syndrome?One striking example is the temporary heart condition known as takotsubo cardiomyopathy, also known as broken-heart syndrome, first described in 1990 in Japan. More than 90% of reported cases are in women ages 58 to 75.
What is takotsubo cardiomyopathy syndrome?Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is generally a short-term (temporary) type of heart condition. It can be triggered by an intense emotional or physical stress. It causes sudden chest pain or shortness of breath. The symptoms of TCM can look like a heart attack.
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It affects the heart's ventricles and atria, the lower and upper chambers of the heart. Frequently, the disease starts in the left ventricle, the heart's main pumping chamber.
The heart muscle begins to dilate, stretching and becoming thinner. As a result, the inside of the chamber enlarges.
Can you really die from a broken heart?
The problem often spreads to the right ventricle and then to the atria. As the heart chambers dilate, the heart muscle doesn't contract normally and can't pump blood very well.
As the heart becomes weaker, can occur.
Common include shortness of breath, fatigue and swelling of the ankles, feet, legs, abdomen and veins in the neck. Dilated cardiomyopathy also can lead toirregular heartbeats and blood clots in the heart. Up to one-third of the people who have it inherit it from their parents.