Bulgaria Air (Bulgarian: България Ер) is the flag carrier airline of Bulgaria, with its headquarters at Sofia Airport in Sofia.
Is Bulgaria Air a good airline?Bulgaria Air is Certified as a 3-Star Airline for the quality of its airport and onboard product and staff service. Product rating includes seats, amenities, food & beverages, IFE, cleanliness etc, and service rating is for both cabin staff and ground staff.
How many aircraft does Bulgaria have?72 aircraft Bulgarian Air ForceRoleAerial warfareSize6,500 active duty personnel 72 aircraftPart ofBulgarian Armed ForcesAnniversaries16 October19 more rows
Is Sofia Airport near Sunny Beach?The distance between Sofia Airport (SOF) and Sunny Beach (Station) is 352 km. The road distance is 411.6 km. ... It takes approximately 2h 35m to get from Sofia Airport (SOF) to Sunny Beach (Station), including transfers.
What is the largest airport in Bulgaria?Sofia Airport Passenger statisticsRankAirport20201.Sofia Airport2,937,8462.Varna Airport622,2153.Burgas Airport424,2524.Plovdiv Airport42,1202 more rows
How many police officers are there in Bulgaria?By this indicator, Bulgaria ranks 11th in the European Union. On average, there are 318 policemen in the EU per 100,000. There are more than 1.6 million police officers in the bloc, compared with 2009 there is a decrease of 3.4%.
How much does Bulgaria spend on military?Military Expenditure in Bulgaria averaged 1111.47 USD Million from 1989 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 3994 USD Million in 1989 and a record low of 644 USD Million in 1997. Bulgaria Military Expenditure - values, historical data and charts - was last updated on October of 2021.
Emblem of the Bulgarian Air Force Founded 20 April 1906 1906-04-20 Country Type Role Size 6,500 active duty personnel 126 aircraft Part of Anniversaries 16 October Website Commanders Commander Dimitar Petrov Deputy Commander Petyo Mirchev Chief of Staff Dimitar Yankov Georgiev Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force Rumen Petrov Insignia Aircraft flown, Military unit The Bulgarian Air Force : Военновъздушни сили, : Voennovazdushni sili is one of the three branches of thethe other two being the and.
Its mission is to guard and protect the sovereignty of airspace, and jointly with the other branches, to protect territorial integrity. The Bulgarian Air Force is one of the oldest in and the world.
In recent times it has been actively taking part in numerous missions and in. The current commanding officer of the Bulgarian Air Force is Dimitar Hristov Petrov. Boris Maslennikov's airplane in flight, Sofia 1910 The Bulgarian Air Force dates back to the end of the 19th century. At the 1892two lieutenants of the flew in the 'La France' owned by the Frenchman.
Later, inspired by the flight, they succeeded in convincing the Bulgarian General Staff that the Army should build a balloon force. Despite numerous refusals from military schools around Europe who would not teach Bulgarian officers to use airships, eventually the Imperial Aviation School in enrolled Lieutenant Vasil Zlatarov as a student. Zlatarov was appointed its first commander. After operating small balloons, in Does Bulgaria have an airline?
a bigger Godard balloon was bought, and in 1912 the first indigenous balloon, Sofia-1, was constructed in Bulgaria using materials bought from. In 1910 a Russian aircraft engineer, Boris Maslennikov, was invited towhere he presented his airplane, a modification of the French. Following his demonstration, assisted by Vasil Zlatarov over the hippodrome inthe Bulgarian Government decided to acquire airplanes for The Aviation Corps.
In early 1912 thirteen army officers were sent abroad for training as pilots and orders were placed for five French, British Does Bulgaria have an airline?
German airplanes. The officers sent to France completed their training first and returned to Bulgaria in July 1912. The same year Bulgaria received its first airplane — awhich Simeon Petrov flew on 13 August 1912 to become the first Bulgarian to pilot an airplane over Bulgaria. After the front lines had stabilized, an Aeroplane Platoon was established at a new airfield close to the fighting. Intelligence about the strength and dispositions in the was required, and ontwo aviators performed a reconnaissance flight over the city in an biplane, also dropping two bombs.
This was not only the first military mission performed by a Bulgarian aircraft, but also the first combat use of an aircraft in Europe and one of the first bombing attacks. Later that month the Bulgarian Aviation Corps was expanded to three Aeroplane Platoons. Foreign volunteers began flying operational sorties alongside Bulgarian pilots and carried outleaflet-dropping and bombing missions.
During the war at least three aircraft were shot down. Considerable help was received from the Russians in terms of aircraft, maintenance and training.
Due to low aircraft serviceability and frequent accidents, the number of missions flown was relatively low. Despite that, the Bulgarian airmen and their foreign allies were able to gather enough intelligence for the Army General Staff to help successfully capture of the city after a long. Although inflicting little physical damage, the bombs had a devastating effect on the defending Turkish garrison's morale and played a crucial part in the fall of the city, which was until then considered nearly impregnable.
All in all, during both wars, there were over 230 aircraft sorties, including non-combat flights. In addition to the Albatros F. The Aeroplane Section of the Bulgarian Army was reformed with assistance from Germany and Austria. Aircraft were deployed to Airfield in support of advancing Bulgarian forces, but bad weather initially prevented any flying.
Until then they had completed 11 combat sorties from an airfield in now the central railway station. Newly acquired German aircraft were hastily pressed into action. The began flying reconnaissance and bomber sorties Does Bulgaria have an airline? Bulgarian units on the. Throughout World War I Bulgarian military aviation experienced a steady increase in both numbers and quality of aircraft; however, they remained inferior to those flown by the Allies, especially the British and French.
The First Aeroplane Section the country's only aircraft unit was attached to the Second Bulgarian Army. The first Otto in arrived in May 1916. First delivery in August 1916.
During July 1917 the first of these arrived with the Section. Delivery took place in September 1918 and they saw no action. The 8th flew as a two-seater after the war. These were ordered by the Ottoman Empire before Bulgaria entered the war.
During early 1915 a couple landed on then neutral Bulgarian territory after Does Bulgaria have an airline? navigational error, and they were seized. They operated several types, including the and Halberstadt, which would later mistakenly be listed on the Bulgarian inventory by some sources.
Two Bulgarian were positioned south of Sofia to intercept the intruder, while a flight of three armed Albatros C. The bomber successfully dropped its bombs over Sofia while escaping anti-aircraft fire but, while departing, Does Bulgaria have an airline? attacked by the Bulgarian Fokkers, one piloted by Marko Parvanov, which brought the Farman down with a dead engine.
Another Allied aircraft, awas captured by Bulgarian troops on 12 February 1917 after engine problems forced it to land. Both it and the crew were captured. It would receive Bulgarian insignia and be used to bomb Allied positions at night. Four such sorties were flown before being shot down on 23 May 1918.
A and a were also captured. Lieutenant Vladimir Balan, a Bulgarian Does Bulgaria Does Bulgaria have an airline? an airline? pilot who had been flying with a German Jasta on the Western Front, was flying one of the Nieuports when he shot down the squadron leader of. In 1912 Lyapchev and Mikhailov were sent, along with other officers and seamen, to the German naval aviation forming facilities for training. Another group of naval personnel followed in the beginning of the First World War.
Training was held at List, Nordenhai and Kiel. Later, at the coast of the Varna Lake, a second station was built this one under Bulgarian controloperating the same inventory. Near a forward fuel and ammunition replenishment base was established in support of patrol flights over the southern Bulgarian coastline. At the end of 1917 the German station was transferred to the Bulgarian Navy. At the time of the armistice the Bulgarian fleet air arm comprised two seaplane stations, a forward replenishment base, three hangars, three workshops, ammunition warehouses and 10 seaplanes.
After the cease-fire the machines were used for mine reconnaissance. At the end of 1919 they are transported by train to Airfield to be scrapped along with the army aviation inventory. Near the Bulgarian city of an was constructed to house German airships. According to documents of the time it was assigned to the Bulgarian Army, but was actually under German control. Does Bulgaria have an airline?
was lost during a flight over the in July 1916. After performing raids on targets in Romania and Greece it returned to Germany in August 1917. In November 1917 the naval airship arrived. That Does Bulgaria have an airline?
flew a series of remarkable missions, such as an attempted resupply of the garrison in the colony and the bombing of and. During a mission against the British naval base ina lightning strike over the set it alight and completely destroyed it. This resulted in military aviation being converted to Does Bulgaria have an airline? peacetime structure. On 27 November 1919 the was signed. In accordance with the the was banned from operating under any form for the next 20 years.
All Bulgarian airplanes, balloons, aviation equipment, weaponry and ammunition were to be destroyed under Allied control and all personnel demobilised. Under the terms of the treaty any aircraft procured for civilian purposes had to be bought from the countries on the winning side. The combined engine power for any airplane including multi-engined ones was not to exceed 180 hp.
In addition, the Bulgarian airspace was to be controlled by the allies and used according to the victorious countries' interests. The of the were delivered by train to the same airfield and scrapped soon after that. In addition, at least ten aviation engines and were also saved.
Since the Gendarmery was at that time a service under the Ministry of War, the creation of the unit was met by fierce opposition by the Allied commission. This almost resulted in the destruction of the wholebut the disbandment of the unit prevented this from happening.
Bulgarian aviation personnel assembled two airplanes from hidden spares and parts, salvaged from the destroyed military airplanes. The sole remaining Bulgarian Fokker D.
From that moment on its air vehicles would carry a registration in the form B-B??? The following Does Bulgaria have an airline? 1924 the first new airplanes were acquired. The aircraft made several test-flights, recording excellent characteristics, but was damaged beyond repair by a storm in the hangar where it was stationed.
Also in 1924 the Aeroplane Section was expanded to an Aeroflight Directorate still under the Ministry of Railways, Postal Service and Telegraph.
The Bulgarian government invited a group of German aircraft engineers, headed by the constructor Herr Hermann Winter to help establish an aviation factory. V and the an indigenous variant of the German of the same era. Both types became well-known and loved by the personnel of the former Air Troops and gained Bulgarian combat service experience. One of the eagles that decorated the entrance of in the 1930s and 1940s, now preserved at the During the course of 1926 the Airplane School was moved to Does Bulgaria have an airline?
geographical center of the country. The town of was well suited, for it was far away from the Allied Control Commission. The company also built an aircraft factory near that city, but its models were not up to the requirements of the Bulgarian authorities. After an unsuccessful switch to automotive production, the plant was finally sold to the Italian company.
Bulgaria started acquiring German, Czechoslovak and Polish airplanes. Colonel Ivan Mikhailov was appointed the first chief of the Does Bulgaria have an airline? force with Lieutenant-Colonel Georgi Vasilev appointed as his Deputy. These machines were donated personally to by. In 1937, during the traditional military parade of National Day of Bravery and of the patron-saint of the Bulgarian Armed Forcesmilitary aircraft officially debuted as a part of the armed forces after a nearly two-decade hiatus.
When the in 1938, the Czechoslovak air force was broken up. Bulgaria purchased 78 biplane fighters, 32 Avia B. In less than 3 years the Air Force inventory had grown up to 478 aircraft of which 135 were of Bulgarian construction. At the beginning ofthe combat air fleet comprised 374 machines in various roles.
The Air Force order of battle comprised the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Army Aviation Orlyaks Army Air Groups or air regimentseach attached to the correspondingly-numbered field army. Each orlyak had a fighter, a line bomber and two reconnaissance yatos squadrons.
There was also an Independent Aviation corps, which combined the 5th Bomber and 6th Fighter Regiments. In 1940, the Bulgarian aviation industry provided the air force with 42 and 45 aircraft, along with preparing for serial production of the — Bulgaria's first twin-engined aircraft. At year's end, the Bulgarians had 595 aircraft of which 258 were combat aircraft and 10,287 personnel.
Under the treaty, Bulgaria allowed the use of its territory as a staging point for the invasion of Yugoslavia and Greece and some minor logistical support. The ground-based air defenses were made up of only 8 88 mm 3. To help its new ally the 12th Army of the Wehrmacht Does Bulgaria have an airline? support with its aircraft and air defence assets and provided 8 Freya-type radars dispersed throughout the country.
A dispersed observation and reporting system was gradually developed. At the end of April, the 2nd and 5th occupied and territories according to an agreement with the. They were tasked with patrols and air support for Italian shipping over the adjacent area of the. At the end of 1941 the inventory of His Majesty's Air Troops consisted of 609 aircraft of 40 different types.
Bulgaria's inaction against the Soviet Union meant that supplies of German aircraft slowed to a trickle, with only four aircraft delivered from January to September 1942. The city of Sofia and Bulgarian towns and villages were hit by air strikes in late 1943 and in 1944.
In all, 187 inhabited places were attacked, 45,000 destructive and incendiary bombs were dropped. There were about 2,000 casualties, and about 4700 wounded, 12,000 damaged or ruined buildings and the total losses were estimated at nearly 24 billion dollars. The Bulgarians also see successes. Termedthe aircraft flew over Bulgarian territory and Bulgarian fighter pilots Sub-lieutenant Peter Bochev 5 victoriesCaptain Tschudomir Toplodolski 4 victoriesLieutenant Stoyan Stoyanov 5 victories and Sublieutenant Hristo Krastev 1 victory inflicted heavy losses on the bombers.
Bulgarian pilots fought an enemy outnumbering them by 10 to 50 times.
Only $467* Total
Some of the best pilots were Lieutenant Stoyanov, Captain Toplodolski, and Sub-Lieutenants Bochev, Cvetkov, and Damev. The force expanded rapidly with deliveries of different types of combat aircraft.
By 1954, these types were being withdrawn from service, as the marked the beginning of the jet fighter era and in 1955 a new wave of deliveries began, starting with the. Later additions included and fighters and bombers, as well as thethe first helicopter. These aircraft were withdrawn in the 1970s, when the last wave of modernization began. The and entered service in 1988 in the strike and role.
Around 1995 — 1996 all the air regiments were transformed into air bases brigade equivalents and two main Does Bulgaria have an airline? were formed — Air Defence Command Командване за противовъздушна отбранаmerging the two air defence divisions and the Tactical Aviation Command Командване Тактическа Авиацияby reorganisation of thecalled and including into it the newly transformed into air bases training regiments in Shtraklevo and Kamenets.
The regiment in Dolna Mitropoliya was disbanded. After the end of the Bulgaria's air force is limited to 226 aircraft. The MiG-25 fighters were grounded in 1991. A large number of early MiG-21 variants were withdrawn from service and were cut for scrap, and armament from the trainers for the MiG-21 and MiG-23 was removed. In 1998 four air bases were closed down: Gabrovnitsa, Balchick, and Shtraklevo. Then in 2000 the Stara Zagora operating Mi-24s air force base was closed.
Then in 2001 three more bases were closed down: Dobrich, Ravnets and Cheshnegirovo. In 2003 Dobroslavtsi was closed down and the MiG-23s were withdrawn from service, because it is more expensive to run than the MiG-21. In February 2004 Does Bulgaria have an airline? Su-22s, which were stationed first in Dobrich then in Bezmer, were withdrawn. In 2015 the last of MiG-21s were put out of service and the attack and defence branches of the Bulgarian air force relied solely on MiG-29s.
About 16 MiG-29 fighters were modernised in order to meet standards. The main competitors were expected to be the,or. The Bulgarian MoD extended the time limit for submittal of responses by two months due to the lack of responses from the other competitors.
For the Navy 3 were ordered and have been delivered. In 2006 the Bulgarian government signed a contract with for the delivery of five in order to replace the older Soviet and. The first Spartan arrived in 2007. On 11 November 2016, the Bulgarian government signed a 21. The deal would eventually bring the number of active service MiG-29 aircraft from 9 to 14, as Bulgaria also announced it was looking to overhaul the fleet and buy eight new or second-hand fighter jets during the coming year.
In 2016 Sofia issued a request for proposals for the Does Bulgaria have an airline? of eight multirole fighters, to be delivered by 2020. However, a new government postponed plans of acquiring new aircraft in May 2017.
In October 2018, potential suppliers responded to a renewed tender for aircraft, consisting of new aircraft from Lockheed Martin, new aircraft from Boeing, used aircraft from Italy and used from Sweden. France, Germany, Israel and Portugal did not respond to requests for used Eurofighter Typhoons and F-16 variants. On 3 June 2019, the U.
State Department approved the possible sale of 8 F-16 aircraft to Bulgaria. The deal was vetoed by the Bulgarian President, on 23 July 2019, citing the need to find a broader consensus for the deal, sending the deal back to parliament, but on 26 July the deal was again approved by parliament, overruling the veto, Does Bulgaria have an airline?
this time was approved by Radev. In April 2020, officially awarded by the U. The in service were scheduled to be replaced with possible American or European aircraft.
Avions in French 232 : 52—66. Ploiesti — The Great Ground-Air Battle of 1 August 1943. Air Power of the Kingdom of Bulgaria. Slovakian and Bulgarian Aces of World War 2. Fortress Ploesti — The Campaign to Destroy Hitler's Oil Supply. Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft since 1913. Air Forces of the World.