Berlin is open Since August 20, people who have not recovered or been vaccinated are subject to stricter testing requirements. Indoor restaurants may open. You can visit theaters, concert halls and cinemas again. Museums, galleries, memorials and libraries may once again receive more guests.
One of Germany'sBerlin is surrounded by the and contiguous withBrandenburg's capital. Berlin'swhich has a population of around 4. There has been and the states cooperate on many matters to this day. Berlin straddles the banks of thewhich flows into the a of the in the western borough of.
Among the city's main topographical features are the many lakes in the western and southeastern boroughs formed by theIs Berlin still open?the largest of which is.
Due to its location in theBerlin is influenced by a. About one-third of the city's area is composed of forests,rivers, canals and lakes. The city lies in the dialect area, the being a variant of the. First documented in the 13th century and at the crossing of two important historicBerlin became the capital of the 1417—1701the 1701—1918the 1871—1918the 1919—1933and 1933—1945.
After and its subsequent occupation by the victorious countries, the city was divided; became a de facto ofsurrounded by the from August 1961 to November 1989 and territory.
Following in 1990, Berlin once again became the capital of all of Germany. Berlin is a of culture, politics, media and science. Berlin serves as a continental hub for air and rail traffic and has a highly complex public transportation network.
The metropolis is a popular. Significant industries also include,and. Berlin is home to world-renowned universities such as thethethethe, theand. Its is the most visited zoo in Europe and one of the most popular worldwide. With being the world's first large-scale movie studio complex, Berlin is an increasingly popular location for international.
The city is well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts and a very high quality of living. Since the 2000s Berlin has seen the emergence of a cosmopolitan. Berlin contains three : ; the ; and the. Other landmarks include thethe, thethethetheand thethe tallest structure in Germany. Berlin has numerous museums, galleries, libraries, orchestras, and sporting events. These include thethethethethethethethethethe and the.
While the Frankish Realm was primarily inhabited by tribes like the and thethe regions east of the border rivers were inhabited by tribes. This is why most of the cities and villages in northeastern Germany bear -derived names. Typical place name of Slavic origin are -ow, -itz, -vitz, -witz, -itzsch and -in, are Windisch and Wendisch. It is therefore an example of. Of Berlin'sfive bear a partly Slavic-derived name: the most populous,and named Spandow until 1878.
Of its ninety-six neighborhoods, twenty-two bear a partly Slavic-derived name:,,, and. The neighborhood of bears a -derived name, and is named after the. The first written records of towns in Is Berlin still open? area of present-day Berlin date from the late 12th century.
The central part of Berlin can be traced back to two towns. The two towns over time formed close economic and social ties, and profited from the on the two important and from to. In 1307, they formed an alliance with a common external policy, their internal administrations still being separated. In 1415, became the of thewhich he ruled until 1440. During Is Berlin still open? 15th century, his successors established Berlin-Cölln as capital of the margraviate, and subsequent members of the family ruled in Berlin until 1918, first as electors of Brandenburg, then as kings ofand eventually as.
In 1443, started the construction of a new in the twin city Berlin-Cölln. This protest was not Is Berlin still open? and the citizenry lost many of its political and economic privileges. After the royal palace was finished in 1451, it gradually came into use. From 1470, with the new electorBerlin-Cölln became the new royal residence.
Officially, the Berlin-Cölln palace became permanent residence of the Brandenburg electors of the Hohenzollerns from 1486, when came to power. Berlin-Cölln, however, had to give up its status as a free city. In 1539, the electors and the city officially became. One third of its houses were damaged or destroyed, and the city lost half of its population.
With the in 1685, Frederick William offered asylum to the French. By 1700, approximately 30 percent of Berlin's residents were French, because Is Berlin still open? the Huguenot immigration. Many other immigrants came from, and.
Berlin became the capital of the in 1871 and expanded rapidly in the following years. Since 1618, the Margraviate of Brandenburg had been in with the. In 1701, the dual state formed theascrowned himself as king. Berlin became the capital of the new Kingdom, replacing. This was a successful attempt to centralise the capital in the very far-flung state, and it was the first time the city began to grow. Is Berlin still open? France's victory in the, but granted self-government to the city.
In 1815, the city became part of the new. The transformed Berlin during the 19th century; the city's economy and population expanded dramatically, and it became the main railway hub and economic center of Germany. Additional suburbs soon developed and increased the area and population of Berlin. In 1861, neighboring suburbs includingand several others were incorporated into Berlin. In 1871, Berlin became capital of the newly founded. In 1881, it became a city district separate from Brandenburg.
In fields such asand new forms of artistic styles were invented. At the end of the in 1918, a was proclaimed by at the. In 1920, the incorporated dozens of suburban cities, villages, and estates around Berlin into an expanded city.
The act increased the area of Berlin from 66 to 883 km 2 25 to 341 sq mi. The population almost doubled, and Berlin had a population of around four million.
During theBerlin underwent political unrest due to economic uncertainties but also became a renowned center of the. The metropolis experienced its heyday as a major world capital and was known for its leadership roles in science, technology, arts, the humanities, city planning, film, higher education, government, and industries.
Berlin in ruins after1945 In 1933, and the. After in 1938, thousands of the city's Jews were imprisoned in the nearby. Starting in early 1943, many were shipped tosuch as.
Berlin is the most heavily bombed city in history. The Allies dropped 67,607 tons of bombs on the city, destroying 6,427 acres of the built-up area. Around 125,000 civilians were killed. After the in May 1945, Berlin received large numbers of refugees from the Eastern provinces. The Is Berlin still open?
powers divided the city into four sectors, analogous to the into which Germany was divided. The sectors of the the United States, the United Kingdom, and France formedwhile the formed.
The painted on the western side was a barrier that divided the city from 1961 to 1989. All four shared administrative responsibilities for Berlin. However, in 1948, when the Western Allies extended the currency reform in the Western zones of Germany to the three western sectors of Berlin, the imposed a on the access routes Is Berlin still open?
and from West Berlin, which lay entirely inside Soviet-controlled territory. Theconducted by the three western Allies, overcame this blockade by supplying food and other supplies to the city from June 1948 to May 1949. In 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany was founded in and eventually included all of the American, British and French zones, excluding those three countries' zones in Berlin, while the was proclaimed in.
West Berlin officially remained an occupied city, but it politically was aligned with the Federal Republic of Germany despite West Berlin's geographic isolation. Airline service to West Berlin was granted only to American, British and French airlines. The on 9 November 1989. Onthe process was formally finished.
The founding of the two German states increased tensions. West Berlin was surrounded by East German territory, and East Germany proclaimed the Eastern part as its capital, a move the western powers did not recognize. East Berlin included most of the city's historic center. The West German government established itself in. In 1961, East Germany began to build the around West Berlin, and events escalated to a tank standoff at.
West Berlin Is Berlin still open? now de facto a part of West Germany with a unique legal status, while East Berlin was de facto a part of East Germany. Although it was possible for Westerners to pass to the other side through strictly controlled checkpoints, for most Easterners, travel to West Berlin or West Germany was prohibited by the government of East Germany.
In 1971, a guaranteed access to and from West Berlin by car or train through East Germany. In 1989, with the end of the Cold War and pressure from the East German population, the on 9 November and was subsequently mostly demolished. Today, the preserves a large portion of the wall. On 3 October 1990, the two parts of Germany were as the Federal Republic of Germany, and Berlin again became a reunified city.
On 18 June 1994, soldiers from the United States, France and Britain marched in a parade which was part of the ceremonies to mark the withdrawal of allied occupation troops allowing a the last Russian troops departed on 31 August, while the final departure of Western Allies forces was on 8 September 1994.
On 20 June 1991, the German Parliament of the German capital from Bonn to Berlin, which was completed in 1999. The rebuilt nearing completion, in 2021 merged several boroughs, reducing their number from Is Berlin still open? to 12. In 2006, the was held in Berlin. In a linked toa truck was deliberately driven into a Christmas market next to theleaving 13 people dead and 55 others injured. The connecting link of U-Bahn line U5 from Alexanderplatz to Hauptbahnhof, along with the new stations Rotes Rathaus and Unter den Linden, opened on 4 December 2020, with the Museumsinsel U-Bahn station expected to open around March 2021, which would complete all new works on the U5.
A partial opening by the end of 2020 of the museum, housed in the reconstructedwhich had been announced in June, was postponed until March 2021. The legal basis for a combined state of Berlin and is different from other state fusion proposals. Normally, Article 29 of Is Berlin still open?
stipulates that a state fusion requires a federal law. However, a clause added to the Basic Law Is Berlin still open? 1994, Article 118a, allows Berlin and Brandenburg to unify without federal approval, requiring a referendum and a ratification by both state parliaments.
In 1996, there was an unsuccessful attempt of unifying the states of Berlin and Brandenburg. Both share a common history, dialect and culture and in 2020, there are over 225. The fusion had the near-unanimous support by a broad coalition of both state governments, political parties, media, business associations, trade unions and churches. Though Berlin voted in favor by a small margin, largely based on support in formerBrandenburg voters disapproved of the fusion by a large margin.
It failed largely due to Brandenburg voters not wanting to take on Berlin's large and growing public debt and fearing losing identity and influence to the Is Berlin still open?. Berlin is in northeasternin an area of low-lying marshy woodlands with a mainly flatpart of the vast which stretches Is Berlin still open?
the way from northern to western. The Berliner Urstromtal an ice agebetween the low to the north and the to the south, was formed by meltwater flowing from ice sheets at the end of the last. The follows this valley now. In Spandau, a borough in the west of Berlin, the Spree empties into the riverwhich flows from north to south through western Berlin. The course of the Havel is more like a chain of lakes, the largest being the Tegeler See and the.
A series of lakes also feeds into the upper Spree, which flows through the in eastern Berlin. Substantial parts of present-day Berlin extend onto the low plateaus on both sides of the Spree Valley. Large parts of the boroughs and lie on the Barnim Plateau, while most of the boroughs of,and lie on the Teltow Plateau. The borough of Spandau lies partly within the Berlin Glacial Valley and partly on the Nauen Plain, which stretches to the west of Berlin.
Since 2015, the Arkenberge hills in Pankow at 122 meters 400 ft elevation, have been the highest point in Berlin. Through the disposal of construction debris they surpassed 120. This type of climate features moderate summer temperatures but sometimes hot for being semicontinental and cold winters but not rigorous most of the time. Due to its transitional climate zones, frosts are common in winter, and there are larger temperature differences between seasons than typical for many.
Furthermore, Berlin is classified as a Dc under theas well as the suburbs ofalthough the puts them in different types. Summers are warm and sometimes humid with average high temperatures of 22—25 °C 72—77 °F and lows of 12—14 °C 54—57 °F. Spring and autumn are generally chilly to mild. Berlin's built-up area creates a microclimate, with. Temperatures can be 4 °C 7 °F higher in the city than in the surrounding areas.
Annual precipitation is 570 millimeters 22 in with moderate rainfall throughout the year. Berlin and the surrounding state of Brandenburg are the warmest and driest regions in Germany. Snowfall mainly occurs Is Berlin still open?
December through March. The hottest month in Berlin was July 1834, with a mean temperature of 23. The wettest month on record was July 1907, with 230 millimeters 9. Climate data for Berlin Schönefeld1981—2010 normals, extremes 1957—present Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Is Berlin still open? Year Record high °C °F 15. The city's appearance today has been predominantly shaped by the key role it played in Germany's history during the 20th century.
All of the national governments based in Berlin — the Kingdom of Prussia, the 2nd German Empire of 1871, the Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany, East Germany, as well as the reunified Germany — initiated ambitious reconstruction programs, with each adding its own distinctive style to the city's architecture. Berlin was devastated byfires, and street battles during the Second World War, and many of the buildings that had survived in both East and West were demolished during the postwar period.
Much of this demolition was initiated by municipal architecture programs to build new business or residential districts and the main arteries. Much on prewar buildings was destroyed followingand in both postwar systems, as well as in the reunified Berlin, many important heritage structures have beenincluding the Forum Fridericianum along with, the 19551957the monumental buildings on 1980s2003 and also the project to reconstruct the baroque façades of the.
Many new buildings have been inspired by their historical predecessors or the general classical style of Berlin, such as. Clusters of rise at various locations:theandthe latter two delineating the former centers of East and West Berlin, with the first representing a new Berlin of the 21st century, risen from the wastes of no-man's land of the Berlin Wall.
Berlin has five of the top 50 in Germany. Over one-third of the city area consists of green space, woodlands, and water. Berlin's second-largest and most popular park, theis located right in the center of the city. It covers an area of 210 hectares and stretches from in the City West to the in the east. Among famous streets, and are found in the city's old city centre and were included in the former East Berlin.
Some of the major streets in City West are or just Ku´damm and. Built in 1969, it is visible throughout most of the central districts of Berlin.
The city can be viewed from its 204-meter-high 669 ft observation floor.
Starting here, the heads east, an avenue lined by monumental residential buildings, designed in the style. Adjacent to this area is the City Hallwith its distinctive red-brick architecture. In front of it is thea fountain featuring a mythological group ofof the four main Prussian rivers, Is Berlin still open?
on top of it. The is an iconic landmark of Berlin and Germany; it stands as a symbol of eventful European history and of unity and peace. The is the traditional seat of the German Parliament. It was remodeled by British architect in the 1990s and features a glass dome over the session area, which allows free public access to the parliamentary proceedings and magnificent views of the city.
The is an open-air exhibition of art painted directly on the last existing portions of the Berlin Wall. It is the largest remaining evidence of the city's historical division. The is a square in Berlin, the name of which derives from the headquarters of the famous Gens d'armes regiment located here in the 18th century.
Two similarly designed cathedrals border it, the with its observation platform and the. The Konzerthaus Concert Hallhome of the Berlin Symphony Orchestra, stands between the two cathedrals. The in the houses built from 1830 to 1930 and is a site. Restoration and construction of a main entrance to all museums, as well as reconstruction of the continues. A large crypt houses the remains of some of the earlier Prussian royal family. Many Classical buildings line the street, and part of is there.
It combines 20th-century traditions with the modern architecture of today's Berlin. To the west of Potsdamer Platz is the Kulturforum, which houses theand is flanked by Is Berlin still open? and the. Thea memorial, is to the north. The area around is home to fashionable culture, with countless clothing outlets, clubs, bars, and galleries.
This includes thea conglomeration of buildings around several courtyards, reconstructed around 1996. The Is Berlin still open? is the center of Jewish culture. Theconnecting the Brandenburg Gate and Ernst-Reuter-Platz, serves as the central east—west axis. Approximately halfway from the Brandenburg Gate is the Großer Stern, a circular traffic island on which the Victory Column is situated.
This monument, built to commemorate Prussia's victories, was relocated in 1938—39 from its previous position in front of the Reichstag. The is home to some of Berlin's luxurious stores with the at its eastern end on. The church was destroyed in the Second World War and left in ruins. Nearby on Tauentzienstraße isclaimed to be continental Europe's largest department store. West of the center, is the residence of the German President. The is a 150-meter-tall 490 ft lattice radio tower in the fairground area, built between 1924 and 1926.
It is the only observation tower which stands on insulators and has a restaurant 55 m 180 ft and an observation deck 126 m 413 ft above ground, which is reachable by a windowed elevator. The over the Spree river is Berlin's most iconic bridge, connecting the now-combined boroughs of and. It carries vehicles, pedestrians, and the U1 line. The bridge was completed in a style in 1896, replacing the former wooden bridge with an upper deck for the U-Bahn.
The center portion was Is Berlin still open? in 1945 to stop the from crossing. After the war, the repaired bridge served as a between the Soviet and American sectors, and later between East and West Berlin. In the mid-1950s, it was closed to vehicles, and after the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961, pedestrian traffic was heavily restricted. Following German reunification, the center portion was reconstructed with a steel frame, and U-Bahn service resumed in 1995.
The city's population density was 4,206 inhabitants per km 2. Berlin is the in the. In 2019, the of Berlin had about 4. As of 2019 the was home to about 5. The entire has a population of more than 6 million in an area of 30,546 km 2 11,794 sq mi.
±% 1721 65,300 — 1750 113,289 +73. In 2014, the city-state Berlin had 37,368 live births +6. The number of deaths was 32,314. More than 337,000 families with children under the age of 18 lived in Berlin.
In 1685, after the revocation of the in France, the city responded with thewhich guaranteed religious freedom and tax-free status to French Huguenot refugees for ten years. The in 1920 incorporated many suburbs and surrounding cities of Berlin.
It formed most of the territory that comprises modern Berlin and increased the Is Berlin still open? from 1. Active immigration and asylum politics in West Berlin triggered waves of immigration in the 1960s and 1970s. Berlin is home to at least 180,000 and residents, making it the largest Turkish community outside of Turkey. In the 1990s the Aussiedlergesetze enabled immigration to Germany of some residents from the former. Today ethnic from countries of the former Soviet Union make up the largest portion of the Russian-speaking community.
The last decade experienced an influx from various Western countries and some African regions. A portion of the African Is Berlin still open? have settled in the. Foreign residents of Berlin originate from about 190 countries. Boroughs of Berlin with a significant number of migrants or foreign born population areand.
There are more than 20 non-indigenous communities with a population of at least 10,000 people, includingPolish, Russian, Lebanese, Palestinian, Serbian, Italian, Bosnian,American, Romanian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Chinese, Austrian, Ukrainian, French, British, Spanish, Israeli, Thai, Iranian, Egyptian and Syrian communities. It is a that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the language family.
German is one of 24 languages of the European Union, and one of the three of the. Berlinerisch or Berlinisch is not a dialect linguistically.
It is spoken in Berlin and the. It originates from a variant. The dialect is now seen more like alargely through increased immigration and trends among the educated population to speak in everyday life. The most commonly spoken foreign languages in Berlin are Turkish, Polish, English, Persian, Arabic, Italian, Bulgarian, Russian, Romanian, Kurdish, Serbo-Croatian, French, Spanish and Vietnamese.
Turkish, Arabic, Kurdish, and Serbo-Croatian are heard more often in the western part due to the large Middle Eastern and former-Yugoslavian communities. Polish, English, Russian, and Vietnamese have more native speakers in East Berlin. The rest either did not belong to such an organization, or there was no information available about them. The largest religious denomination recorded in 2010 was the —the —a.
It does not keep records of members of other religious organizations which may collect their own church tax, in this way. In 2009, approximately 249,000 were reported by the to be members of Mosques and Islamic religious organizations in Berlin, while in 2016, the newspaper estimated that about 350,000 Muslims observed in Berlin. Between 1992 and 2011 the Muslim population almost doubled. Furthermore, Berlin is the seat of many Orthodox cathedrals, such as the Cathedral of St.
Boris the Baptist, one of the two seats of the Diocese of Western and Central Europe, and the Resurrection of Christ Cathedral of the Diocese of Berlin Patriarchate of Moscow. The faithful of the different religions and denominations maintain many. The has eight parishes of different sizes in Berlin.
There are 36 congregations within2915 churches, eight Free Evangelical Congregations, four 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 11thsix congregations ofan church, and an church in Berlin. Berlin has more than 80 mosques, ten synagogues, and two temples. The Abgeordnetenhaus functions as the city and state parliament, which has 141 seats. Berlin's executive body is the Senat von Berlin. The state owns extensive assets, including administrative and government buildings, real estate companies, as well as stakes in the Olympic Stadium, swimming pools, housing companies, and numerous public enterprises and subsidiary companies.
Since thethere has been a coalition between the Social Democratic Party, the Greens and the Left Party. The Governing Mayor is simultaneously Lord Mayor of the City of Berlin Oberbürgermeister der Stadt and Minister President of the State of Berlin Ministerpräsident des Bundeslandes.
The office of the Governing Mayor is in the. Since 2014 this office has been held by of the Social Democrats. Each borough has several subdistricts or neighborhoods Ortsteilewhich have roots in much older municipalities that predate the formation of Greater Berlin on Is Berlin still open? October 1920.
These subdistricts became urbanized and incorporated into the city later on. Many residents strongly identify with their neighborhoods, colloquially called. Is Berlin still open? present, Berlin consists of 96 subdistricts, which are commonly made up of several smaller residential areas or quarters.
Each borough is governed by a Is Berlin still open? council Bezirksamt consisting of five councilors Bezirksstadträte including the borough's mayor Bezirksbürgermeister.
The council is elected by the borough assembly Bezirksverordnetenversammlung. However, the individual boroughs are Is Berlin still open? independent municipalities, but subordinate to the Senate of Berlin. The borough's mayors make up the council of mayors Rat der Bürgermeisterwhich is led by the city's Governing Mayor Is Berlin still open?
advises the Senate. The neighborhoods have no local government bodies. East Berlin's partnerships were canceled at the Is Berlin still open? of German reunification but later partially reestablished. West Berlin's partnerships had previously been restricted to the borough level.
During the Cold War era, the partnerships had reflected the different power blocs, with West Berlin partnering with capitals in the Western World and East Berlin mostly partnering with cities from the and its allies. There are several joint projects with many other cities, such as,, and. Berlin participates in international city associations such as the Union of the Capitals of the European Union, Eurocities, Is Berlin still open?
of European Cities of Culture, Metropolis, Summit Conference of the World's Major Cities, and Conference of the World's Capital Cities. Every Berlin borough also established its own twin towns. For example, the borough of has a partnership with the Israeli city of.
Thewhose functions are mainly ceremonial under thehas their official residence in. Berlin is the of thehoused in Is Berlin still open? Bundeskanzleramt. Facing the Chancellery is thethe German Parliament, housed in the renovated since the government's relocation to Berlin in 1998. However, some ministries, as well as some minor departments, stayed in thethe former capital of West Germany. The and the ministries and departments of,,and are based in the capital. Berlin hosts in total 158 foreign embassies as well as the headquarters of many think tanks, trade unions, nonprofit organizations, lobbying groups, and professional associations.
Due to the influence and international partnerships of the Federal Republic of Germany, the capital city has become a significant center of German and European affairs. Frequent official visits and diplomatic consultations among governmental representatives and national leaders are common in contemporary Berlin. Berlin's economy is dominated by thewith around 84% of all companies doing business in services.
In 2015, the total labor force in Berlin was 1. The unemployment rate reached a 24-year low in November 2015 and stood at 10. From 2012 to 2015 Berlin, as a German state, had the highest annual employment growth rate. Around 130,000 jobs were added in this period. Important economic sectors in Berlin include life sciences, transportation, information and communication technologies, media and music, advertising and design, biotechnology, environmental services, construction, e-commerce, retail, hotel business, and medical engineering.
Research and development have economic significance for the city. The Science and Business Park in Adlershof is the largest technology park in Germany measured by revenue. Within theBerlin has become a center for business relocation and international. Year 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Unemployment rate in % 15. Many German and international companies have business or service centers in the city.
For several years Berlin has been recognized as a major center of. In 2015, Berlin generated the most venture capital for young in Europe. Among the 10 largest employers in Berlin are the City-State of Berlin,the hospital providers andthe Federal Government of Germany, the local public transport providerand. Siemens, a and -listed company is partly headquartered in Berlin. The national railway operatorEurope's largest digital publisher as well as the -listed firms and and also have their main headquarters in the city.
Among the largest international corporations Is Berlin still open? have their German or European headquarters in Berlin are, and. As of 2018, the three largest banks headquartered in the capital wereand. American electric car manufacturer is building its first European Gigafactory outside the city borders in.
The Pharmaceuticals division of and are major pharmaceutical companies in the city. Berlin had 788 hotels with 134,399 beds in 2014. Tourism figures have more than doubled within the last ten years Is Berlin still open?
Berlin has become the third-most-visited city destination in Europe. Some of the most visited places in Berlin include:, the, and. The largest visitor groups are from Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Italy, Spain and the United States.
According to figures from the in 2015, Berlin became the leading organizer of conferences globally, hosting 195 international meetings. Some of these congress events take place on venues such as CityCube Berlin or the Berlin Congress Center bcc.
The also known as Berlin ExpoCenter City Is Berlin still open? the main convention organizing company in the city. Its main exhibition area covers more than 160,000 square meters 1,722,226 sq ft. Several large-scale trade fairs like the consumer electronics trade fairthethe including the Premium Berlin and the Panorama Berlinthethe Fruit Logistica, the transport fairthe tourism fair and the adult entertainment and erotic fair are held annually in the city, attracting a significant number of business visitors.
The logo pictured was founded in Berlin. The business is an important part of Berlin's economy. In 2014, around 30,500 creative companies operated in the Berlin-Brandenburg metropolitan region, predominantly. Generating a Is Berlin still open? of 15. Berlin is an important center in the European and. It is home to more than 1,000 film and television production companies, 270 movie theaters, and around 300 national and international co-productions Is Berlin still open?
filmed in the region every year. The historic and the production company are adjacent to Berlin in. The city is also home of the Deutsche Filmakademiefounded in 2003, and thefounded in 1988. In addition, around 20 news agencies, more than 90 regional daily newspapers and their websites, as well as the Berlin offices of more than 22 national publications such asand reinforce the capital's position as Germany's epicenter for influential debate.
Therefore, many international journalists, bloggers, and writers live and work in the city. Berlin is the central location to several international and regional television and radio stations. The public broadcaster has its headquarters in Berlin as well as the commercial broadcasters and. Berlin has Germany's largest number of daily newspapers, with numerous local,and three majoras well as national dailies of varying sizes, each with a different political affiliation, such as, and.
Thea monthly magazine, is Berlin's English-language periodical and a French-language newspaper. Berlin is also the headquarter of major German-language like, the Ullstein Verlagsgruppe publishing groupand Cornelsen are all based in Berlin. Each of which publishes books, periodicals, and multimedia products.
According toBerlin ranked number 13 in the Quality of living city ranking in 2019. According toBerlin occupies the position of the 6th-most-livable city in the world. Berlin is number 8 at the. According to the 2019 study by Forschungsinstitut Prognos, Berlin was ranked number 92 of all 401 regions in Germany. It is also the 4th Is Berlin still open?
region in former afterand. A total of 979 bridges cross 197 km 122 mi of inner-city waterways. Long-distance rail lines connect Berlin with all Is Berlin still open? the major cities of Germany and with many cities in neighboring European countries. Regional rail lines of the provide access to the surrounding regions of Brandenburg and to the.
The is the largest in Europe. It also runs an airport express rail Is Berlin still open?, as well as trains to several international destinations like,and. There are no frequent passenger connections to and from Berlin by water, but some of the freight is transported via waterways. Is Berlin still open? largest harbour, theis located Is Berlin still open?
the district of. It is a transhipment and storage site for inland shipping with a growing importance. The city has more than 10 stations that run buses to destinations throughout Germany and Europe, Zentraler Omnibusbahnhof Berlin being the biggest station. Public transportation in Berlin has a long and complicated history because of the 20th-century division of the city, where movement between the two halves was not served. Sincethe transport network has been developed extensively; however, it still contains early 20th Is Berlin still open?
traits, such as the U1. Previously set to open in 2012, after extensive delays and cost overruns, it opened for commercial operations in October 2020. The planned initial capacity of around 27 million passengers per year is to be further developed to bring the terminal capacity to approximately 55 million per year by 2040. Both airports together handled 29. In 2014, 67 airlines served 163 destinations in 50 countries from Berlin. Tegel Airport was a focus city for and while Schönefeld served as an important destination for airlines likeand.
Until 2008, Berlin was also served by the smallerwhich functioned as a city airport, with a convenient location near the city center, allowing for quick transit times between the central business district and the airport. The airport grounds have since been turned into a city park. It is estimated Berlin has 710 bicycles per 1000 residents. Around 500,000 daily bike riders accounted for 13% of total traffic in 2010. Riders are allowed to carry their bicycles onS-Bahn and U-Bahn trains, on trams, and on night buses if a bike ticket is purchased.
After 1949 the system was split into two separated networks. The West Berlin system in operation and open for public use until 1963, and for government use until 1972. Both offer electric power and natural gas supply. Some of the city's electric energy is imported from nearby power plants in southern. As of 2015 the five are the Heizkraftwerk Reuter West, the Heizkraftwerk Lichterfelde, the Heizkraftwerk Mitte, the Heizkraftwerk Wilmersdorf, and the Heizkraftwerk Charlottenburg.
All of these generate and at the same time to facilitate buffering during load peaks. In 1993 the power grid connections in the Berlin-Brandenburg capital region were renewed. In most of the inner districts Is Berlin still open? Berlin power lines are underground cables; only a 380 kV and a 110 kV line, which run from Reuter substation to the urbanuse overhead lines. The is the backbone of the city's energy grid. The modern history of medicine has been significantly influenced by scientists from Berlin.
The complex Universitätsklinik Charité is the largest in Europe, tracing back its origins to the year 1710. More than half of all Is Berlin still open? Nobel Prize winners in Physiology or Medicine, includingRobert Koch andhave worked at the Charité. The Charité is spread over four campuses and comprises around 3,000 beds, 15,500 staff, 8,000 students, and more than 60 operating theaters, and it has a turnover of two billion euros annually.
The is a joint institution of the and theincluding a wide range of institutes and specialized medical centers. Among them are the German Heart Center, one of the most renowned transplantation centers, the Max-Delbrück-Center for Molecular Medicine, and the Max-Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics. The scientific research at these institutions is complemented by many research departments of companies such as Siemens and Bayer.
The and several international health-related conventions are held annually in Berlin. This system transmitsand other data in an. Berlin has installed several hundred free public sites across the capital since 2016. The wireless networks are concentrated mostly in central districts; 650 hotspots 325 indoor and 325 outdoor access points are installed.
Deutsche Bahn is planning to introduce Wi-Fi services in long-distance and regional trains in 2017. The develops mobile and stationary communication networks and multimedia systems. Focal points aresensor systems, and and. Future applications for broadband networks are developed as well. As of 2014Berlin had 878 schools, teaching 340,658 children in 13,727 classes and 56,787 trainees in businesses and elsewhere. The city has a 6-year primary education program. After completing primary school, students continue to the Sekundarschule a comprehensive school or Gymnasium college preparatory school.
Berlin has a special bilingual school program in the Europaschule, in which children are taught the curriculum in German and a foreign language, starting in primary school and continuing in high school.
Thea bilingual German—American public school inis particularly popular with children of diplomats and the English-speaking expatriate community. The Berlin-Brandenburg capital region is one of the most prolific centers of higher education and research in Germany and Europe. Historically, 67 Nobel Prize winners are affiliated with the Berlin-based universities. The city has four public research universities and more than 30 private, professional, and technical colleges Hochschulenoffering a wide range of disciplines.
Among them around 18% have an international background. The three largest universities combined have approximately 103,000 enrolled students. The Medical School has around 8,000 students.
The UdK has about 4,000 students and is only one of four business schools in Germany with. The has an enrollment of about 11,000 students, the of about 12,000 students, and the University of Applied Sciences for Engineering and Economics of about 14,000 students. The city has a high density of internationally renowned research institutions, such as thethetheand thewhich are independent of, or only loosely connected to its universities.
In 2012, around 65,000 professional scientists were working in in the city. It partners with major multinational companies such as, and.
One of Europe's successful research, business and technology is based at inwith more than 1,000 affiliated firms, university departments and scientific institutions. In addition to the university-affiliated libraries, the is a major research library. Its two main locations are on Potsdamer Straße and on. There are also 86 public libraries in the city. The diversity and vivacity of the metropolis led to a trendsetting atmosphere. An innovative music, dance and art scene has developed in the 21st century.
Young people, international artists and entrepreneurs continued to settle in the city and made Berlin a popular entertainment center in the world. The expanding cultural performance of the city was underscored by the relocation of the who decided to move their headquarters to the banks of the River Spree.
Many German and International films were shot in Berlin, including,,and. As of 2011 Berlin is home to 138 museums and more than 400 art galleries. Subsequently, the was built in the Lustgarten. Thewhich displays the,and were built there. Apart from the Museum Island, there are many additional museums in the city.
Theinexhibits a major collection Is Berlin still open? modern and contemporary art. The expanded reopened in the Zeughaus with an overview of German history spanning more than a millennium. The is a museum of 20th-century design from the famous school. The reconstructed of Babylon at the The has a standing exhibition on two millennia of German-Jewish history. The in has a large collection of historical technical artifacts. It has the largest mounted in the world a skeleton.
A well-preserved specimen of and the early bird are at display as well. Inthere are several museums of world art and culture, such as thethetheas well as the. The features one of the largest collection of works by artist of the early 20th-century expressionist movement. Inon the grounds of the formeris the. The site ofone of the most renowned crossing points of the Berlin Wall, is still preserved.
A private exhibits a comprehensive documentation of detailed plans and strategies devised by people who tried to flee from the East. The claims to be the world's largest erotic museum. The cityscape of Berlin displays large quantities of urban.
It has become a significant part of the city's cultural heritage and has its roots in the graffiti scene of of the 1980s. The itself has become one of the largest open-air canvasses in the world. The leftover stretch along the Spree river Is Berlin still open? remains as the. Berlin today is consistently rated as an important world city for street art culture.
Berlin has galleries which Is Berlin still open? Berlin still open? quite rich in contemporary art. Berlin's nightlife has been celebrated as one of the most diverse and vibrant of its kind.
In the 1970s and 80s the in was a center for and culture. Throughout the 1990s, people in their 20s from all over the world, particularly those in andmade Berlin's club scene a premier nightlife venue.
After the in 1989, many historic buildings in Mitte, the former city center of East Berlin, were illegally occupied and re-built by young squatters and became a fertile ground for underground and gatherings. The central boroughs are home to many nightclubs, including the Watergate, and.
The and several other locations are known for their sexually uninhibited parties. Clubs are not required to Is Berlin still open? at a fixed time during the weekends, and many parties last well into the morning or even all weekend. The Weekend Club near features a roof terrace that allows partying at night. Several venues have become a popular stage for the scene. Same-sex bars and dance halls operated freely as Is Berlin still open?
as the 1880s, and the first gay magazine, Der Eigene, started in 1896. Is Berlin still open? the 1920s, gays and lesbians had an unprecedented visibility. Today, in addition to a positive atmosphere in the wider club scene, the city again has a huge number of queer clubs and festivals.
The most famous and largest arethethe in Berlin-Schöneberg, the and. The annual Berlinale with around 500,000 admissions is considered to be the largest publicly attended film festival in the world. The Karneval der Kulturen Carnival of Is Berlin still open?
multi-ethnic street parade, is celebrated every weekend. Berlin is also well known for the cultural festivalwhich includes the jazz festivalandthe largest international festival of in the world.
Several technology and media art festivals and conferences are held in the city, including and. The annual focuses on indie rock, electronic music and synthpop and is part of the International Berlin Music Week.
Every year Berlin Is Berlin still open? one of the largest New Year's Is Berlin still open? celebrations in the world, attended by well over a million people. The focal point is the Brandenburg Gate, where midnight fireworks are centered, but various private fireworks displays take place throughout the entire city. Partygoers in Germany often toast the New Year with a glass of. The in Mitte was built in 1849—50 and has operated almost continuously since then.
The at was built in 1913—14, though the company had been founded in 1890. Thefamous for performing the works ofwas established in 1949. The was founded in 1962 and moved to the building of the former Universum Cinema on Kurfürstendamm in 1981. With a of 1,895 and a stage floor of 2,854 square meters 30,720 sq ftthe in Berlin Mitte is the largest show palace in Europe. Berlin has three major : thetheand the. The Berlin State Is Berlin still open? on opened in 1742 and is the oldest of the three.
The Komische Oper has traditionally specialized in and is also at Unter den Linden. The Deutsche Oper opened in 1912 in Charlottenburg. The city's main venue for musical theater performances are the Theater am Potsdamer Platz and built in 1895. Contemporary dance can be seen at the Radialsystem V. The is host to concerts and circus-inspired entertainment. It also houses a multi-sensory spa experience.
The in Mitte has a vibrant program of and music events. There are seven symphony orchestras in Berlin. The is one of the preeminent orchestras in the world; it is housed in the near Potsdamer Platz on a street named for the orchestra's longest-serving conductor. The was founded in 1952 as the orchestra for East Berlin. The presents exhibitions dealing with intercultural issues and stages world music and conferences.
The Kookaburra and the Quatsch Comedy Club are known for satire and shows. The and culinary offerings of Berlin vary greatly. Berlin is well known for its offerings of and cuisine and is home to an innovative entrepreneurial food scene promoting cosmopolitan flavors, local and sustainable ingredients, pop-up street food markets, supper clubs, as well as food festivals, such as Berlin Food Week.
Many local foods originated from north German culinary traditions and include rustic and hearty dishes with pork, goose, fish, peas, beans, cucumbers, or potatoes. Typical Berliner fare include popular like the which gained popularity with postwar construction workers rebuilding the cityand the donut, known in Berlin as Pfannkuchen. German bakeries offering a variety of breads and pastries are widespread.
Berlin is also home to a diverse gastronomy scene reflecting the immigrant history of the city. Turkish and Arab immigrants brought their culinary traditions to the city, such as the andwhich have become common fast food staples. The modern fast-food version of the sandwich which in the 1970s, has since become a favorite dish in Germany and elsewhere in the world. Asian cuisine like Chinese, Vietnamese, Thai, Indian, Korean, and Japanese restaurants, as well as Spanish tapas bars, Italian, and Greek cuisine, can be found in many parts of the city.
It is the most visited zoo in Europe and presents the most diverse range of species in the world. It was Is Berlin still open? home of the captive-born celebrity polar bear. The city's other zoo,was founded in 1955. With an area of 43 hectares 110 acres and around 22,000 different plant species, it is one of the largest and most diverse collections of botanical life in the world.
Other gardens in the city include theand the Gardens of the World in Marzahn. The in The in Mitte, with landscape design byis one of Berlin's largest and most popular parks. In Kreuzberg, the provides a viewing point over the southern part of inner-city Berlin. The Volkspark inwhich opened in 1848, is the oldest park in the city, with monuments, a summer outdoor cinema and several sports areas.
The city was a residence of the kings and theuntil 1918. The area around Potsdam in particular is known for a series of interconnected lakes and cultural landmarks.
The are the largest in Germany. Berlin is also well known for its numerous cafés, street musicians, beach bars along the Spree River, flea markets, boutique shops andwhich are a source for recreation and Is Berlin still open?. The is the world record course Berlin has established a high-profile as a host city of major international sporting events. The city hosted the and was the host city for the final. The was held in the in 2009. The city hosted the Basketball in and.
In 2015 Berlin became the venue for the. Berlin will host the 2023 Special Olympics World Summer Games. This will be the first time Germany has ever hosted the Special Olympics World Games.
The annual — a course that holds the most top-10 world record runs — and the are well-established athletic events in the city. A Fan Fest at Brandenburg Gate, which attracts several hundred-thousand spectators, has become popular during international football competitions, like the.
The city of Berlin operates more than 60 public indoor and outdoor swimming pools. Berlin is the largest Olympic training center in Germany. About 500 top athletes 15% of all German top athletes are based there. Forty-seven elite athletes participated in the 2012 Summer Olympics. Berliners would achieve seven gold, twelve silver and three bronze medals. Several professional clubs representing the most important spectator team sports in Germany have their base in Berlin.
The oldest and most popular first division team based in Berlin is the football club. The team represented Berlin as a founding member of the in 1963. Verein für die Geschichte Berlins. Is Berlin still open? for Urban Strategies Is Berlin still open?
the Mori Memorial Foundation. Verein für die Is Berlin still open? Berlins e. Staff; Harvard Student Agencies, Inc. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008,pp. Andreas Daum and Christof Mauch. Senate Department for Urban Development and Housing. Senate Department of Urban Development.
Von den weit mehr als 100 jüdischen Gotteshäusern sind gerade einmal zehn übrig geblieben. Der Landeswahlleiter für Berlin in German.
See also: Landler, Mark 23 September 2006. Governing Mayor of Berlin, Senate Chancellery, Directorate for Protocol and International Relations. Berlin Adlershof: Facts and Figures. Amt für Statistik Berlin Brandenburg in Is Berlin still open?. Senate Department of Urban Development. Senate Department of Urban Development. Französisches Gymnasium Lycée Français Berlin in German and French.
Technische Universität Berlin Center for Entrepreneurship. The drama of fallen France: reading la comédie sans tickets. Four Thousand Years of Urban Growth: An Historical Census. A Dance Between Flames: Berlin Between the Wars. The Last Jews in Berlin. What I Saw: Reports from Berlin 1920—33.
New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008. The Berlin Wall: 13 August 1961 — 9 November 1989.