Birkenhead (/ˌbɜːrkənˈhɛd/) is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, Merseyside, England; historically, until 1974, in Cheshire. It is on the Wirral Peninsula, along the south bank of the River Mersey, opposite the city of Liverpool.Birkenhead (/ˌbɜːrkənˈhɛd/) is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, Merseyside, England; historically, until 1974, in Cheshire. It is on the Wirral Peninsula, along the south bank of the River Mersey
Is Wirral in England or Wales?Wirral (/ˈwɪrəl/), also known as The Wirral, is a peninsula in North West England. The roughly rectangular peninsula is about 15 miles (24 km) long and 7 miles (11 km) wide and is bounded by the River Dee to the west that forms a boundary with Wales, the River Mersey to the east, and the Irish Sea to the north.
Which county is the Wirral in?Wirral, metropolitan borough, metropolitan county of Merseyside, historic county of Cheshire, northwestern England. It occupies the major portion of the Wirral peninsula, which is bounded by the River Mersey, the Irish Sea, and the River Dee.
What is Birkenhead in Welsh?Despite being in England, Birkenhead (known as Penbedw, in Welsh) hosted Wales National Eisteddfod in 1917 as well as an unofficial National Eisteddfod event in 1879.
Is Chester a good town?Chester has often been ranked as one of the best places to live in the UK, making it no wonder that so many people want to live here. With access to a range of independent and mainstream shops, amenities, bars, restaurants and activities right on your doorstep, Chester is a great place to live.
What is a person from Chester called?Chester is a city in the north-west of England. It is almost 2000 years old and was started by Romans. A person from Chester is called a Cestrian. Chester is on the river Dee, and is the county town of the county of Cheshire.
List of places : Birkenhead is a town in the, England;until 1974, in. It is on thealong the south bank of theopposite the city of. At the 2011 census, it had a population of 88,818. In the 19th century, Birkenhead expanded greatly as a consequence of the.
The connected Birkenhead and Liverpool, with the world's first tunnel beneath a tidal estuary, and the firm and a were established. In the second half of the 20th century, the town suffered a significant period of decline, with causing a reduction in port activity.
The development is planned to regenerate much of the dockland. The name is not derived froma Is Birkenhead England or Wales? which enters the Mersey between Birkenhead and Seacombe. The Birket is a later name which was introduced by. The earliest records state that the began operating from Birkenhead in 1150, when monks under the leadership of built a there. The priory was visited in 1275 and 1277 by. In a of 13 April 1330, granted the priory further rights. In Is Birkenhead England or Wales?
a steam ferry service started from Liverpool to Tranmere and in 1822 the paddle steamer, Royal Mail, began operation between Liverpool and Woodside. An iron works was initially established by in 1824 and was joined by his son in 1828.
Merchant vessels were also built such as and. In 1833 an act was passed to introduce street paving, lighting and other improvements in the town. These included establishing a market and regulating the police force.
The tunnel opened in 1886, providing direct railway access to Liverpool. In September 1932 thousands of unemployed people protested in a series of demonstrations organised by the local branch of the. After three days of rioting, police were brought in from elsewhere to help quell the rioters. In addition to the ferries and the railway, the opened in 1934 and gave rapid access to Liverpool. This opened up the Wirral Peninsula for development, and prompted further growth of Birkenhead as an industrial centre.
Bolstered by migration from rural Cheshire, southern Ireland and Wales, the town's population had grown from 110 in 1801 to 110,912 one hundred years later and stood at 142,501 by 1951.
Birkenhead was struck by on 23 November 1981, as part of the record-breaking nationwide tornado outbreak on that day. The borough included the parish of Birkenhead St. Mary and the townships of,and part oflater known as. The townships ofand were added in 1928, followed byand in 1933. Prior to 1 April 1974, Birkenhead and the rest of the Wirral Peninsula were part of the Is Birkenhead England or Wales? of Cheshire.
The implementation of the caused Birkenhead to lose its county borough status. The town has since been administered as part of thein the of. The Birkenhead and Tranmere had a population of 15,879 in 2011. The current Member of Parliament for Birkenhead is. In thethe area so defined had a total population of 325,264, making it the 19th largest in England and Wales. The Duke of Edinburgh opening the new entrance to the Great Northern Docks at Birkenhead, 1866 Shipbuilding and ship repair has featured prominently in the local economy since the 19th century.
In 2010, Cammell Laird secured a £50 million contract to construct the forthe first of two. In 2015, Cammell Laird was selected as the preferred bidder to constructa. An increase in the town's population by 1841 led to the opening on 11 July 1845 of a much expanded market on a larger site nearby. This market hall was built bywho later built. During the 1970s, the commercial centre of the town was redeveloped around the principal shopping area of Grange Road.
Following two fires at the expanded Birkenhead Market in 1969 and 1974, it was moved to new premises adjoining the Grange Shopping Precinct development in 1977. Commercial expansion continued in the early 1990s when the Pyramids Shopping Centre was opened. The previous market site has been redeveloped with the construction of two office buildings, primarily to house and offices.
However, this latter figure includes areas such as andwhich are separate from Birkenhead. The park was the forerunner of the Parks Movement and its influence was far reaching both in Britain and abroad — most notably on 's design for.
Designed by later Sir Joseph Paxton in 1843 and officially opened in 1847, with great festivity. There are sandstone lodges at the three entrances, each with a different style of architecture,and.
There are also two lakes and an ornate 'Swiss Bridge'. Parts were laid out in a grid-iron pattern like with similar architecture. The chief architect was from Edinburgh. This grid pattern was centred around which was started in 1826 and, apart from in London, contains Is Birkenhead England or Wales? most in one place in England. A short distance from Hamilton Square are two other notable landmarks: the and the. The film had scenes shot at Woodside. These scenes were as a representation of in the 1920s.
Other notable landmarks include on a ridge behind the town, Flaybrick Watertower and. Opened on 29 August 1860 the first line ran from adjoining the terminal of the Mersey Ferry to. This early system was horse-drawn and was the brainchild of flamboyant American. A preserved tram was on display in the Woodside ferry terminal booking hall. The system was later electrified and operated from 1901 as closing in 1937.
Two replica trams, imported from Hong Kong, have been brought into service as part of a heritage tramway between Woodside andand Car No. Present-day services are run by operators including and and coordinated by. Birkenhead bus station opened in 1996. It is adjacent to The Grange Shopping Centre and Birkenhead Market.
It has a total of eleven stands and incorporates a travel centre.
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The main bus operators at Is Birkenhead England or Wales? station include and Bus services using the bus station operate around the town of Birkenhead, throughout the Wirral, and to the nearby city of via the.
The station also has frequent services to as far away as. With the opening of the in 1873, this station probably became the world's first to train. In 1886 Birkenhead and were linked by an system, which today is part of the network. The major underground station in Birkenhead isthe nearest station to the ferry terminal. Other stations located in Birkenhead include which is open but below ground level, which is below ground level,which is below ground level,and.
The Wirral Line from Birkenhead travels south to andnorth to and westwards, across the Wirral Peninsula, to. The leaves Bidston station, in the north of Birkenhead and travels through the rural centre of Wirral, ultimately leaving England near and terminating inWales. From 1878, until its closure in 1967, was the town's mainline railway terminus. Originally located close to Woodside Ferry Terminal, the site had been redeveloped as part of ship builders.
The town has one operational railway depot, ; one disused, ; and two demolished, and a further depot adjacent to Birkenhead Park station. The remains of the are still extant in a through the centre of the town, which was used primarily for freight services. Much of the peripheral railway infrastructure, around the docks, has been removed since the 1980s. The connects Woodside with in London.
Two road tunnels, the from Birkenhead, and the from Wallasey, run underneath the River Mersey and connect the town to Liverpool. Is Birkenhead England or Wales? ferry terminal allows a direct freight and passenger vehicle service toIreland andNorthern Ireland.
Daily Belfast services are run byusing their ferries and from 2020 to 2021, which replaced and. The at Woodside operates a passenger service to Liverpool and chartered cruising. During winter months, the operates a service from Birkenhead to using. Due to weather Is Birkenhead England or Wales?, this service temporarily replaces the route that normally operates from the Liverpool landing stage using fast craft.
Other nearby aviation facilities include and. Former airfields in the area include and. Birkenhead also has two independently run schools. It was exclusively a boys' school from its founding in 1860 until 2000, when Is Birkenhead England or Wales? sixth form became co-educational.
It became fully co-educational for pupils aged 3—18 in 2008. It was founded in 1885 and caters for girls aged 3—19. Its sponsor was thebut is now publicly funded. Its alumnae include the actress. Birkenhead Girls High School decided to become a state-funded school in 2009, increasing the availability of its education. Birkenhead Institute Grammar School existed from 1889 in Whetstone Lane, before being moved to Claughton in the 1970s.
The school closed in 1994. The college was originally Birkenhead Technical College, and has been known as since the 1980s. The Borough Road campus and the Glenda Jackson Theatre were demolished in late 2005, to make way foralthough Wirral Metropolitan College flourishes on other sites across Wirral. The theatre secretly housed an emergency command centre for the region in its basement, accessible via the college.
Politicians and officials would have retreated to this secure in the event of nuclear war to co-ordinate the recovery effort. By the 1990s, after the end of thethe bunker had been decommissioned and the surrounding complex of rooms was used by the college as a rehearsal space and recording studio.
Other colleges include thelocated in the Claughton area of Birkenhead, formerly the site of Corpus Christi Catholic High School. The current churches areand the which are all within the. The other religious buildings include the of the and the Shah Jalal. The Birkenhead existed from 1890 and closed prior to 2006. Flaybrick Hill Cemetery has been superseded by. Birkenhead is served by through itsand sites and Wirral.
Formerly, Birkenhead was also served by on Park Road North and St. James' Hospital in Claughton, now demolished and redeveloped for housing. It opened on 27 September 1871. The was opened in 1928 and houses a fine collection of paintings, porcelain and pottery. In 1856, Birkenhead Library was opened as the country's first public library in Is Birkenhead England or Wales? borough. The library was situated in Hamilton Street until 1909, when it moved to a Is Birkenhead England or Wales?
building in Market Street South, near Birkenhead Market. In the 1930s, this building along with much of the surrounding area was demolished to make way for the entrance to the. The present library,is situated on Borough Road and was opened by in 1934. Despite being in England, Birkenhead known as Penbedw, in Welsh hosted Wales' in 1917 as well as an unofficial National Eisteddfod event in 1879. As in Liverpool, migrants from Wales, especially North Wales, contributed greatly to the growth of the town and its cultural development in the 19th century.
The first local Birkenhead Eisteddfod, a precursor of the national events, took place in 1864. The 1917 National Eisteddfod was notable for the award of the chair to the poet Ellis Humphrey Evans, known as. The winner was announced, and the crowd waited for the winner to accept congratulations before the chairing ceremony, but no winner appeared. It was then announced that Hedd Wyn had been killed the previous month on the battlefield in Belgium, and the bardic chair was draped Is Birkenhead England or Wales?
black. These events were portrayed in the nominated filmand were apparently intended as a protest against the war policies ofwho was present.
There is a commemorative stone for the event in Birkenhead Park. The first meeting of the international also took place at the Birkenhead Eisteddfod. The was a major theatre and music hall which opened on 28 December 1868 and became notable for the calibre of artistes who appeared there. Later in its life, it was also used as a cinema. The theatre was destroyed by bombing in 1940. The Theatre Royal, opened on 31 October 1864, was in Argyle Street Is Birkenhead England or Wales? Is Birkenhead England or Wales?
a capacity of 1,850. This theatre was closed in 1919 and demolished in the 1930s. Another theatre, the Hippodrome, which was converted into a cinema in the 1930s, stood on the site of what became the department store in Grange Road. The Little Theatre was established in 1958 from a converted former church. The local weekly newspaper is the Wirral Globe and the Is Birkenhead England or Wales? news website is. The local radio station is based in offices at the Pacific Road Arts Centre.
In addition, there are five other local radio stations that transmit to Birkenhead:,and. Birkenhead is situated within Is Birkenhead England or Wales?
television regions of North West and 's. The local television station also broadcasts to the area. In 1929, the was held there. The first two groups in the world are thought to have been founded as the 1st and 2nd Is Birkenhead England or Wales? groups at on the same night in 1908. The 2nd Birkenhead Scout Group is still operating and therefore is the longest running scout group in the world. Other clubs included Belmont Football Club, founded in 1884. They adopted the name the following year, and are a professional team who play at near the Tranmere area of the town.
They were a founder member of in 1921, and were a member of until 2015, when they were relegated to thethe fifth tier of English football. They play in the Division One. The was founded in 1871, the same year as the. The club originally played in the Lower Park but moved to their current home in Is Birkenhead England or Wales?
Upper Park in 1885. Birkenhead Park also has its own club. Located in the town are the Birkenhead North End and Victoria Cycling Clubs. Olympic riders from the clubs include, and. Birkenhead has been host to various clubs since 1840. At present, Liverpool Victoria Rowing Club operates from a facility at the western end of West Float.
A fairly detailed description of the town is given in 's memoirs, At My Mother's Knee. The 1998 book,and the following 2009 film of the same name are set in Birkenhead. The dancer and actor was born in the town but as a child moved to. Opera director was born in Birkenhead. The poetthough born inlived in Birkenhead from the age of 4 and was educated at the Birkenhead Institute High School now demolished. She was the first woman admitted to the Inner Temple in 1920. There has been speculation that and he reached the summit.
Similarly,a mountaineer who died in thewas educated in Birkenhead. The football manager also hails from the town. This would allow for £4. This equates with an investment of over £14,000 for each of the 320,000 residents of the Wirral.
At the andthe development would include several 50-storey skyscrapers, 5,000,000 square feet 465,000 m 2 of new office space and 11,000,000 square feet 1,000,000 m 2 for new residential flats. A retail and leisure quarter at the former site would encompass another 571,000 square feet 53,000 m 2 of space. Is Birkenhead England or Wales? whole project would create more than 27,000 permanent new jobs, aside from the employment required for construction and other peripheral employment.
The development would be expected to take up to thirty years. Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names, 3rd edn. Printed and published by Willmer Bros. History of The Wirral Hundred or The Wirral Peninsula. Retrieved on 9 August 2009. The Wirral Railway and its Predecessors. Liverpool: The Liverpool Booksellers' Co.
Yesterday's Wirral: Birkenhead, Prenton and Oxton. Memories of the chronicles of Birkenhead. A Century of Birkenhead and Wirral. Meat at Woodside: Birkenhead Livestock Trade, 1878-1981. History of ancient and modern Birkenhead. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for.